Restorative and Restitutive Systems of Justice

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T.B.T JOHN 200903179 SOC127: INTRODUCTION TO PENOLOGY TERM PAPER CAN RESTORATIVE JUSTICE REPLACE THE EXISTING SYSTEMS OF JUSTICE? What is Restorative Justice ? Restorative justice is a way of thinking about crime and conflict. It is not a particular practice or type of program, but rather a philosophy, or a set of principles. The United Nations Working Group on Restorative Justice defines it in the following way: a process whereby parties with a stake in a particular offence resolve collectively how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and its implications for the future Restorative justice processes worldwide are premised on the following principles: * holding the offender accountable in a more meaningful way *…show more content…
Change possible Change toward a more restorative response to crime is guided by the following questions: * How can we increase opportunity for victim involvement in defining the harm and potential repair? * How can we increase offender awareness of injury to the victim and the community? * How can we encourage offender acknowledgment of the wrongness of the behavior? * How can we acknowledge the harm to the victim and confirm that the victim is not responsible for what happened? * How can the community send messages of disapproval while not banishing offenders? * How can the community provide opportunities for the offender to repair the harm? * How can the community be involved in the process of holding offenders accountable? * How can we ensure that the offender leaves the system more competent to function effectively in the community? * How can we increase connections between the offender and community members? Mutual responsibility between individual and community is the loom on which the fabric of community is woven. Crime represents a failure of responsibility. Our response to crime needs to

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