Since the early 1800s, the United States has relied on a method of punishment barely known to any other country, solitary confinement (Cole). Despite this method once being thought of as the breakthrough in the prison system, history has proved differently. Solitary confinement was once used in a short period of time to fix a prisoners behavior, but is now used as a long term method that shows to prove absolutely nothing. Spending 22-24 hours a day in a small room containing practically nothing has proved to fix nothing in a person except further insanity. One cannot rid himself of insanity in a room that causes them to go insane. Solitary confinement is a flawed and unnecessary method of punishment that should be prohibited in the prison
Despite the fact that my parents have worked in the criminal justice system for many years, I have never given much thought to the treatment of prisoners. As we learned from the readings, the current state of the United States criminal justice system is imperfect to the point of cruelty
Around the 1970’s and 1980’s around the United States many mental hospitals were shut down. There were many reasons why they closed these Asylums was because money, and knowing that there was only about twenty county asylums were built around the country. The asylums also known as the Looney bin was established in Britain after passing in 1808 county asylum act. There were so many patients in these asylums around the world in 1955 about 558,239 severely mentally ill people in the United States were accounted for. Now in these times any mentally ill people don’t get help they just go straight to jail without proper diagnosis or treatment. People need to know these people need extreme care and treatment. Even regular people or considered the norm in today’s society eventually go crazy when they’re in prison too long. We have as much people that are mentally ill as regularly incarcerated. There is one prison in Houston Texas that does take care there mentally ill. We have about 2.2 million
Dubaih, Ahmed Professor Keast 10/20/16 English 1A The Status Quo of Solitary Confinement Solitary confinement has had a long history in the American prison system. America is the first country to adapt solitary confinement into the prison regiment. Pennsylvania had the first special housing units for inmates or “SHU”. When Europeans came to America to look at the new model for prisons in Pennsylvania they wrote reports describing to the European parliament on how prisoners were treated like caged animals. Many of them quickly realized that this was not what prisons were set out to accomplish. The purpose of a prison is to rehabilitate criminals and bring them back into society as an individual that has the best mental tools and skills to make their respective communities better. Putting inmates in solitary confinement for more than 48 hours can only lead to awful emotional pain and mental problems which can result in self-destructive behavior to regain the self-control that is being deprived through this process of isolation and expulsion.
Everyday correctional officials work to deal with mental health inmates. Often hotly debated, many search for ways to work with this growing population. Glaze and Bonczar (2009) estimate around 2.3 million people are incarcerated within the US and of those, 20 percent suffer from some form of mental disorder. Even with such a high number, the rate of mental illnesses within the prison system is on the climb. Many of these inmates will remain incarcerated and receive little to no treatment for their mental issues. This essay, will look at the practices associated when dealing with mental illness and discuss the strategies on dealing with this growing issue.
Hospital data on the use of restraint can also be analyzed to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction. This information could be scrutinized to determine if restraints were truly warranted in that particular situation, or if another method could have or should have been utilized first. Documentation should also be examined to determine if the patient was adequately cared for during this time period. In my hospital, the patient must be released from the restraints at least every two hours, and must be toileted at that time. The nurse must also do range of motion exercises with the extremities affected by the restraints. The skin and circulation should be assessed at this time. Every hour, the nurse is required to check the pulses in the extremity affected by the restraint. The nurse’s documentation should reflect that all of these assessments were performed and the appropriate precautions were taken.
Solitary Confinement has been used as a punishment, to keep the prisons secure. However, with the changing of opinions from a few decades ago, to present time, more people want less solitary confinement used. With also corrections policies changing over time has also changed the dynamic of how a younger person could be charged and sentenced, compared to an older person who is not a juvenile could be put into solitary confinement. More facts about the use of Solitary Confinement, the policy is up for debate. Starting with do I agree with the New York Times, The Living Death of Solitary Confinement?
The Pennsylvania system constructed in the early 1800s used extreme isolation to deter future crime inspired solitary confinement. In the twentieth century, inmates in solitary confinement would stay for short periods. According to Craig, people would stay in secure housing units for a couple of days or weeks
In the Frontline presentation, “The New Asylums”, the program explored the lives in prison of several Ohio inmates. The presentation presented numerous distinct issues of the treatment of the mentally ill in the prison system. The most significant issues presented within the program were the medical treatment received both in and out of the prison system, factors that influence punishment, isolation and medication, the length of the sentencing the mentally ill receive, and why prisons seem to have become the new asylums.
Restraints prevalence is another NIS that could assist the nurses in the above scenario to identify
A restraint is any physical or chemical measure in the healthcare setting to keep a patient from being free to move (Craven, Hirnle & Jensen, 2013). Nurses are presented with dilemmas in deciding whether to use restraints to protect the patient from falls, harming themselves or others, suppress agitation and to facilitate treatment. Improper usage and misconceptions of restraining can have negative consequences including physical and psychological issues. Physical and psychological disadvantages from restraining could include low blood pressure, decreased circulation, thrombosis, constipation, urinary incontinence, depression, fear and increased confusion (Yeh et al., 2004). Educating nurses may reduce restraint usage by increasing
Solitary confinement for juveniles has been a common problem for several years. Growing up in solitary confinement as a juvenile, prison life is the only life they will know. They will not know how to act in the real world. They will get sent right back to jail over and
Throughout history crime has always presented itself as well as punishment for these crimes. In time there have been several ways to physically, emotionally, and psychologically punish a human being. However, being a part of the Guantanamo Bay era the increasing use of solitary confinement has offered itself to be one of the best ways to reprimand criminals as well as hostages. A troubling movement in the American prison system is the escalating use of sustained and consistent forms of cruel solitary confinement also known as supermax prisons which are used to confine prisoners that the government labels as dangerous. A documentary film, as well as several informative resources, will be used to uncover the truths behind this form of punishment.
The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world with over 2.4 million people in jail (American Friends Service Committee). A census taken in 2005 discovered that out of those 2.4 million prisoners behind bars, 81,622 of them were being held in solitary confinement (Casella and Ridgeway). In
This article discusses the issues about the use of restraints toward the inmates in the federal penitentiary in Lewisburg Pennsylvania. The article goes on into the story of Sebastian Richardson and how refused to have a cell mate that he saw as threating and potently dangerous based on his nickname “Bam Bam” and “The Prophet”. The two would have had to share a cell no larger than a parking space says the article. Richardson refused to accept “The Prophet” as a new call mate, and then was taken out of his cell thirty minutes later was taken to the laundry room and stripped and put in paper clothes and shackles. Richardson also, stated that one of the guards left a window open while he was restrained to freeze him on purpose, and also that