Restricting Student 's Autonomy Essay

3309 Words14 Pages
In Loco Parentis Restricting Student’s Autonomy The Latin phrase “in loco parentis,” directly translates to “in the place of a parent,” and refers to American universities controlling their students’ actions through discriminatory restraints (Lee 2011, 66). During the 1960s, universities and colleges were regulating students’ personal lives through administrative rules and would take disciplinary action, like expulsion, if broken. “From the mid-1800s through the late 1950s”, courts supported universities acting “in loco parentis” in respect to their students (Lee 2011, 66). Higher educational intuitions were not necessary acting how parents would; they were not honoring students for their academic achievements, but rather they were operating through a “hierarchical [structure with] unilateral control” (Lee 2011, 69). The term “in loco parentis” gave colleges and universities the opportunity to control their student bodies, but more specifically, their female students’ conduct. Higher education institutions “acted in loco parentis to teach and enforce respectable womanhood on campus” (Lansley 2004, 66). Before the 1960s, universities and colleges thought it was their duty to teach women “social etiquette, ladylike conduct and proper manners” (Lansley 2004, 62). “In loco parentis” were enforced on the assumption that college students “were children – irresponsible and immature – in need of protection and guidance” (Lansley 2004, 189). These rules “allowed universities to
Open Document