Rethinking the Color Line: Readings and Ethnicity of Races

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Rethinking the Color Line: Readings and Ethnicity Question No.1: Defining Race: Comparative Perspectives a) Hypodescent Status: This term refers to the assignment of individuals belonging to mixed race or ethnic groups to subordinate groups. This ideology usually exists in a society where certain groups are considered to be dominant or superior to the others. According to the view of F. James Davis in "Defining Race: Comparative perspectives", hypodescent status refers to the social position of the mix breeds of white and black. The very concept of hypodescent status is based on "one-drop rule". The theory presents an idea that whosoever has a single drop of a black man's blood in him is a black man himself. This makes every individual who has one of his parents as "black" or either is considered to have any trace of African descent, a hypodescent. The term has been coined by anthropologists and refers to hypodescents as members of subordinate groups in the society. It is important to note that one-drop rule strictly refers to having a black ancestry. And, black people are the ones who bear any black African lineage, not the ones from unmixed population from Sub-Saharan Africa (Gallagher 54). It is important to note that the concept of hypodescents only exists in United States, not in any other part of the world and is used to refer to American blacks only, which makes this term and the one-drop rule, rather unique.. In fact, definitions of who is black vary quite

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