Essay on Reunification of North and South Korea

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Issue and Geographical Context Japan invaded Korea in 1910. After WWII Korea became independent from Japan and was divided into North- and South Korea. The United States supported Lee SeungMan in the South and the Soviet Union supported Kim IlSong in the North. The US and the Soviet Union split the Korean Peninsula approximately in half. Together, North and South Korea make up the Korean Peninsula, located in Asia. China lies to the North with only the East Sea separating North and South Korea from Japan. North Korea also shares a border with Russia. The Korean Peninsula is valuable as it provides access to the East Sea, the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. It provides a land route to China and is an ideal base for a military force.…show more content…
North Korea’s government also failed to help the country to adjust to the modern world, protecting its own industries from competition, leading to inefficiency and lack of development. South Korea’s economy was one of the fastest growing economies in the world from the early 1960s. Following the Korean War, South Korea embraced manufacturing and built an export based economy. South Korea introduced modern technologies very quickly, increasing the efficiency of production. In 2012 South Korea’s GDP per capita was $32,400 compared to $1,800 in North Korea. Living standards in South Korea are good and characterised by a strong economy. According to CIA World Factbook (2013), “South Korea over the past four decades has demonstrated incredible growth and global integration to become a high-tech industrialised economy.” North Korea is a communist country which is supported by China and heavily regimented. North Korea has been regularly accused of human rights violations. As well as the impact on Koreans, consequences have included economic impacts on South Korea and the US due to the military presence required to patrol the border. According to Global Times (2013) “an extra 217.4 billion” was spent on defence, Increased spending on defence, food and fuel aid provided by China has also impacted China’s economy. According to the United Nations (UN) about a quarter of North Koreans need urgent international food aid while North Korea spends approximately 33.9% of Gross
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