Revelation & Compilation of the Quran

2937 WordsMay 4, 200912 Pages
Revelation And Compilation Of The Quran The Quran The Quran is a book that was sent to the whole of Mankind as a means of Guidance and Mercy. It is the final revelation of the books from Allah (swt) and was revealed through the final Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) The word “Quran” comes from the root word Iqra which means to read or to recite. The majority of Muslim authorities hold the origin of the word is ķara`a (Arabic: قرأ), itself, among the earliest meanings of the word Quran is the "act of reciting. So we can see that the word “Quran” can mean to recite, to read. In the large majority of contexts, usually with a definite article (al-), the word is referred to as the "revelation" (tanzīl), that which has been "sent down" at…show more content…
Read! And your Lord is most bountiful. (He who taught) the use of the pen taught man which he knew not.' The remainder of Surah 96, which now has 19 ayat, was revealed at a later occasion. How Revelation Came The mother of the faithful believers Aisha narrated: Al-Harith bin Hisham asked Allah's apostle: 'O Allah's apostle. How is the divine inspiration revealed to you?' Allah's apostle replied, 'Sometimes it is "revealed" like the ringing of a bell, this form of inspiration is the hardest of all and then this state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says'. [Bukhari, I, No. 2.] Final Revelation Many Muslim scholars agree that the last revelation was Surah 2 (The Cow), verse 281: 'And fear the day when ye shall be brought back to God. Then shall every soul be paid what it earned and none shall be dealt with unjustly.' Some also say that it was 2:282 or 2:278. [Kamal, Ahmad 'Adil: 'ulum al-Qur'an, Cairo, 1974, p.18.] It has also been suggested that all three verses were revealed on one occasion. The Prophet passed away nine nights after the last revelation. Others hold that Surah 5 (Al-Maida – the table spread) :4 was the last to be revealed: 'This day I have perfected your

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