Essay on Revenge in Hamlet

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Revenge in Hamlet

It is natural human instinct for a son to feel offended over the death of his father. So is the instance of the two young princes, both spurned by the sudden death of King Hamlet toward destinies of avenging fallen fathers, which emerge to permit comparisons in Shakespeare's great tragedy Hamlet. In the first act of the play Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, and Fortinbras, Prince of Norway, both are fatherless heirs whose uncles occupy the throne of their respected countries. Both princes seek revenge for the events relating to the death of their fathers while their uncles and kings oppose their nephews, plotting to accomplish their own objectives. However, by what is learned in the brief sidelined accounts of
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Whereas Fortinbras directs his vengeance toward a target outside his family and country, Hamlet's enemy is exposed within the very core of Denmark, his own family. As a ghost from the grave, King Hamlet returns to reveal to his son that Claudius, the king's very brother caused his death by pouring poison into his ear while he slept. This earth quaking news is compounded with the recent marriage of now King Claudius to Hamlet's short mourning mother, Gertrude. If the offenses of treason, parricide murder, and adultery were not enough to incite Hamlet to avenge his father, the ghost gives a fourth reason. This unexpected death was most untimely for King Hamlet because he had not repented for the sins he had accumulated throughout his life; thus, a sentence of suffering in purgatory withholds his entrance to heaven. Unlike Prince Fortinbras's goal of seeking retribution by recovering what was lost upon his father's death, the ghost of King Hamlet calls his son to avenge him for deeds and responsibilities that remained even after his life left his body. For "this most foul, strange, and unnatural"(1.5.29) murder Prince Hamlet pledges to avenge his father by killing his uncle, king, and mother's husband, Claudius, without harming the Queen.

By gathering "a list of lawless resolutes for food and diet to some enterprise that hath a stomach in 't, which is no other..." Fortinbras sought to accomplish

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