Review of Literature

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Health promotion is defined by Edelman as the “Intervention designed to improve health, such as providing adequate nutrition, a healthy environment, and ongoing health education”. Health promotion programs create behavioral changes that can lead to healthy behaviors by creating a positive and pleasant atmosphere (Camann). They also lower the overall healthcare costs by preventing the incidence of diseases, hospital stays as well as complications (Potter). Currently 20% of the population suffers from a chronic or acute illness, these people account for 80% of our health care costs (Potter). With an added emphasis on early health promotion at the primary care level we can lower these rates to less than 20%. With health promotion at the…show more content…
These observations show where the greatest amount of health promotion is needed, as well as what aspects the patient will be compliant with. Nursing responsibilities are ever evolving and will continue to do so as more issues begin to develop and become discovered to treat and prevent. While nurse practitioners are meant to provide health promotion, health protection, disease prevention, anticipatory guidance, counseling, palliative and end of life care (Thomas). According to J. Thomas, health promotions are not always accomplished by Nurse Practitioners in the primary care setting. This can be due to the time consumption and impracticality of the situations. Research has found that only 60% of the time nurse practitioners are bringing up preventative services (Thomas). Nurse practitioners have a great capacity to perform health promotion as they are there to treat, educate, and prevent illnesses from occurring. The use of health promotion is the same throughout all levels of care but the implementation differs through the different levels. For instance, in primary care health promotion is given to prevent illnesses from occurring or to care for a patient. Secondary health care implements health promotion by giving information, running tests/procedures to treat an illness whereas tertiary care’s health promotion is given to help maintain or bring one’s health status to the most optimal level possible. Within the three levels of health care, the prevention methods do

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