Review of Literature

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Health promotion is an essential health care issue that should be implemented by all members of the health care team (Hosseini, Torab, Taghdisi, & Vardanjani, 2013). Nurses play a critical role in health promotion for patients, family, and community because we provide direct patient care and are able to see the whole picture of the client’s situation. The population of people with chronic illness is increasing and the health care needs of clients is trending in an upward fashion (Jadelhack, 2012). As members of the health care field, it is critical that nurses take a proactive approach in preventing the increasing trend of chronic, complex illnesses by promoting health for our patients, family, and the community. There are three levels…show more content…
Nurses implement health promotion in community setting, hospitals, schools, clinics, and nursing facility. The health promotion process in a nursing setting includes assessment, nursing diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). The nursing assessment includes data collection and analysis to identify the client’s situation. Physical, environmental, cultural, spiritual, emotional, and educational data are collected during the nursing assessment. The next step is to develop nursing diagnosis(es) and prioritize the identified problems (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Once the problems are identified, the planning of care can take place. The plan includes written goals, problems, expected outcomes from the patient/family/community, and interventions that will be taken to achieve the goals and improve outcomes (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). In planning for health promotion, the nurse needs to taylor the plan to suit the learning needs, environment, and health needs of the client, family, or community (Povlsen, 2011). Interventions by the nurse are meant to empower and education the person to make changes in health behavior including screening, education, and crisis intervention. Ongoing evaluation of the health promotion process is essential in improving methods and health outcomes. Review of Literature: Health Promotion 5 There are three levels in health promotion

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