Review of Related Literature

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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This investigatory project aims to make use of rambutan peeling extracts that is high in phenolic compounds such as tannin and saponin that exhibits antioxidant activity and antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria. Although the seeds contain such compounds the peeling exhibit greater amount of the said compounds. Rambutan is a very popular fruit cultivated in the Philippines and it is eaten in large amounts. The rambutans rind is quickly discarded and thrown out after it is cut open and peeled off. The researchers will be maximizing the use of rambutan peelings through this project before they are disposed of. Not only will the researchers maximize the use of the peelings, they would be finding…show more content…
It is the most common bacteria that causes staph infections such as pimples, boils, impetigo, cellulitis folliculitis, carbuncles, scalded skin syndrome and abscesses. Examples of the more serious sicknesses are pneumonia,meningitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, toxic shock syndrome (TSS), bacteremia and septicemia. Like the other listed pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus epidermidis is also nosocomial and facultatively anaerobic. It affects the skin and is non hemolytic, hemolytic meaning relating to the rupture or destruction of red blood cells. It infects on people with weak immune systems. The infections often start out as skin wounds caused by flexible tubes called catheters. According to Bukhari, “Catheter infections along with catheter-induced UTIs lead to serious inflammation and pus secretion. In these instances, urination is extremely painful.” Other diseases of Staphylococcus epidermidis are septicaemia and endocarditis. The study of Qarah, Cunha and Dua in 2009 stated that pseudomonal pathogens evidently inhabit nature like soil, water and surfaces of plants and animals, including us humans. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is widely infectious especially to those with problems involving their host defense mechanisms. It frequently causes nosocomial infections such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and bacteremia. This pathogenic bacteria’s infections
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