Review of Related Literature and Studies (Autism)

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CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies for both foreign and local underlying the framework of the study. Synthesis was also created based from the gathered information and facts in literature and studies. FOREIGN LITERATURES According to the study of the orbitofrontal–amygdala circuit and self-regulation of social–emotional behavior in autism that. Autism is centrally characterized by developmental disruption in social–emotional behavior and communication. Numerous studies have documented that, across the spectrum of disability, individuals with autism have poor social and affective relatedness, difficulty developing and maintaining social relationships with…show more content…
There are generally three main characteristics used to determine an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and are usually present by age three. These characteristics are deficits in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors and interests (Autism Society of America, n.d.; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2005; U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2005). Additionally, in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), there is an educational definition for autism. Autism is defined as, ìs developmental disability 5 that significantly affects verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction. It is generally evident before age 3 and adversely affects a child is educational performance (Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence [OCALI], 2007). There are other characteristics frequently associated with autism. These include participation in repetitive activities and behaviors, inability to change especially the change in daily routines, and typical responses to sensory experiences. Furthermore, autism does not apply to the child is diagnosis if educational performance is negatively affected due to the child having an emotional disturbance (Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence). Of the 1.5 million Americans living with some form of autism, 100,000 are school-aged children who have been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and are served under the Individuals with Disabilities
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