Rhetorical Devices

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Rhetorical Devices
Style is part of classical rhetoric and a number of rhetorical devices are worth considering in any analysis of style. For the analysis of literature a knowledge of rhetorical devices is indispensable, since there is often a considerable density of rhetorical figures and tropes which are important generators and qualifiers of meaning and effect. This is particularly the case in poetry. Especially the analysis of the use of imagery is important for any kind of literary text. (For further details see Analysing a Metaphor and Symbol).
Figures of speech in classical rhetoric were defined as “a form of speech artfully varied from common usage” (Quintilian, Inst. Orat. IX.i.2). The forms of figurative languages are divided
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| |[...] How they clang, and clash and roar! (Poe, The Bells) |

Schemes: Word-level
|anadiplosis / reduplicatio |(Greek for “doubling back”) the word or phrase that concludes one line or clause is repeated at the|
| |beginning of the next |
| |A wreathed garland of deserved praise, |
| |Of praise deserved, unto thee I give, |
| |I give to thee, who knowest all my ways, |
| |My crooked winding ways, wherin I live. (Herbert, A Wreath) |
| |[...] if you have a lot of things you cannot move about a lot, [...] furniture requires dusting, |
| |dusters require servants, servants require insurance stamps [...]. (E.M. Forster, My Wood) |
|anaphora |a word or phrase is repeated at the
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