Mozart was born into a society where nobility ruled, and the noblemen had the privileges and freedom that came with such a title. Consequently, Mozart learned at a young age that to become a sough after musician meant playing to the dignitary’s hand. As a result, Mozart quickly found favor in Vienna and across Europe, which led to many successful Opera Buffas. Many see Mozart as the turning point in opera with his most famous Opera Buffas, Le Nozze di Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Cosi fan tutte. “Comedy gave him full scope, and in Figaro he had the advantage of a libretto which was already a famous product of consummate stagecraft before it ever became and opera…while Beaumarchais’s Mariage de Figaro has its place in literature, Mozart’s
Soon the emotion overran the Classical bounds and Romanticism was born”. Romantic music inspired two smaller movements: nationalistic music and music about legends. Richard Wagner (1813-1883) is a German composer who wrote many pieces on the basis of a story or myth. He revolutionized opera through creativity, discontent with musical formulas and his focus on drama.
Like the previous eras, Opera continued to be one of the most important music genre is the 19th century, especially in Italy, German and France. Opera served as a form of entertainment for the people of higher social class. Opera music was also popular among the people of other social classes due to the availability of transcribed opera music for them to enjoy in salons or homes of the middle class. This genre was extensively explored and developed by the Italians and Germans. This paper will discuss how Italian and German opera were developed by comparing each composer’s distinctive compositional traits.
Making a living as a composer could be broken down into two groups; there are those who work very hard and learn everything from the basics, and there are those who are natural prodigies. Compared to music nowadays, composers in the early ages seemed that they needed to be remarkable in order to be noticed by many people. Nowadays, people can simply make any kind of music they please and somehow people can make a trend out of it. Earlier composers had originality, which was everywhere, even if it meant going against the mainstream of the music components. Whether it is having dissonance in their music or creating a whole new style, each composer created their own signature style that the audience could point out and had differentiated composers
Wilhelm Richard Wagner was a renowned German opera composer who lived in the 1800s. Besides his extravagant operatic works, he dabbled in written essays with the most notable being his Judaism in Music published in 1850. Wagner’s essay made very clear his views on Jewish composers and performers in the German musical realm—he loathed them. His anti-Semitism is made blatantly clear in the very first paragraph, “It will not be a question, however, of saying something new, but of explaining that unconscious feeling which proclaims itself among the people as a rooted dislike of the Jewish nature.” While his ideology was not the first part of Wagner that Hitler took a liking to, it became a defining factor in Hitler’s perspective on society during the reign of the “Thousand Year Reich”.
Within the year of 1833 Wagner composed his first completed opera named “die feen” (the fairies) which notably impersonated the style of Carl Maria Von Weber (Richard Wagner Biography) . Wagner then worked as a musical director at the opera house in Magdeburg for a short period during which he wrote “das liebesverbot” (the ban on love), based on “measure for measure” by William Shakespeare.
Henry Purcell Henry Purcell was born on September the 10th of 1659 in St Anne’s Lane, Old Pye Street, Westminster. He was the son of Henry Senior, and Elizabeth Purcell and brother to Edward and Daniel, also an organist. He died at his home in Westminster on the 21st November of
Richard Strauss, one of the most iconic classical composer during the 1900s, has been known by his music such as Don Juan and Thus Spake Zarathustra. His music style plays a major role in the mid 1900s, creating new music elements while looking back, and have even influenced modern film music. He himself is also a successful conductor, with successful recordings especially in Mozart and his own pieces.
In 1836, Wagner married the singer and actress Minna Planer. They moved to Konigsberg, where Wagner became musical director at Magdeburg Theatre. Also in 1836, Das Liebesverbot was produced there. Wagner wrote both the lyrics and music. He called his concept "Gesamtunkstwerk" which meant total work of art and was his method. Which was used to come up with German myths about love and redemption.
I’ve decided to focus this opinion-based writing on the successful and renowned composer Richard Wagner. After researching the composer and learning about his fascinating history, I was captivated by the fact that he is remembered as a dominant, yet controversial artist because of his questionable views. Despite this fault, Richard Wagner was ahead of his time and he drastically influenced the boundaries of music. For example, one of Wagner’s most remembered and appreciated pieces is The Ring Cycle and in this composition, Wagner masterfully incorporated elements of music, literature, and visual arts with the addition of leitmotifs to unify the musical composition. It can be estimated that films such as Harry Potter and The Lord of the Rings
Puccini is one of the best-known Italian composers, after Verdi, of the 19th century. He was born on 22nd December 1858 and passed away on 29th November 1924. He is particularly well known for his works such as; La bohème, Tosca, Madama Butterfly and his final opera, Turandot.
Rossini is probably the most popular composer of this era. His works are many and are extremely popular. Rossini was born in Pesaro in 1792 and on December15th, 1815 when he was only twenty-three years old, he signed a contract to write an opera for a theater in Rome (Weaver, 11). His childhood friend, Gertrude Righetti Giorgi, premiered as Rosina in Rossin’s Il barbiere di Siviglia, on opening night for the Nobile Teatro di Torre Argentina (Weaver, 19). Il barbiere di Siviglia went on to become one of the more famous operas of Rossini’s. This opera went through many struggles, however, because of the similar story
Wagner- Meggitt’s classification scale was introduced in 1970s and widely accepted, universally used grading system for lesions and diabetic foot. The original scale has 6 grades of lesions. The first four grades (grade 0, 1, 2, & 3) are used on the physical depth of the lesion in and through the soft tissues of the foot. The last two grades (grade 4 & 5) are completely distinct because they are based on the extent of the gangrene and lost perfusion in the foot. Grade 4 refers to partial foot gangrene and grade 5 refers to completely gangrenous foot. In this study the scale is not much of useful because the grade 3, 4 and 5 are not come under inclusive criteria. For easy understanding there are only grade 1 and grade 2 are taken and most of
Wilhelm Richard Wagner was one of the greatest opera writers of all time. He helped to take opera to a whole new level from even Verdi and Puccini. Some say that Wagner was very egotistic, however; “his extreme egotism rested on conviction, Wagner had the ability to do great things” (Colles 207). He was extraordinary at composing music as well as formulating words. He was not a prodigy however his musical skills surpassed many other composers from his time period.
Jean-Philippe Rameau, George Frederic Handel, and Christoph Willibald Gluck were the most significant opera composers of the first two-thirds of the 18th century. However, their works were surpassed by the brilliant operas of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the early 19th century, Gioacchino Rossini and Gaetano Donizetti dominated Italian opera. In the later 19th century the greatest works were those of Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner. Wagner, with his bold innovations, became the most influential operatic figure since Monteverdi. Richard Strauss and Giacomo Puccini wrote the most popular late 19th- and early 20th-century operas. Though the death of Puccini in 1924 is often cited as the end of grand opera, new and often experimental works—by composers such as Alban Berg, Benjamin Britten, Gian Carlo Menotti, John Adams, and Philip Glass—continued to be produced to critical acclaim. Opera entered the 21st century as a vibrant and global art form.