Richard the Lionheart vs Saladin

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RICHARD THE LIONHEART vs. SALADIN
THE THIRD CRUSADE

TIM PARRY, JR.
Chapman University
26 November 2003

HIST 306
DR. W. F. LEE

Bibliography

Reston, James. Warriors of God: Richard the Lionheart and Saladin in the Third Crusade. New York: Doubleday, 2001.

Ballou, Robert O. The Portable World Bible. New York: Penguin Books, 1944.

Tierney, Brian. Western Europe in the Middle Ages: 300-1475, Sixth Edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1999.

INTRODUCTION OF SALADIN

And fight for the cause of God against those who fight against you: but commit not the injustice of attacking them first: verily God loveth not the unjust: And kill them wherever ye shall find them, and eject them from whatever place they have
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Nur ad-Din proclaimed Saladin his uncle’s successor and forced the Shi’ite Muslims in Egypt into the Sunni way of Islam. Between 1169 and 1174 Nur ad-Din’s and Saladin’s relationship crumbled. In 1174, Nur ad-Din began plans to invade Egypt and take Saladin’s kingdom, but died before the preparations were complete. A year later Saladin led an army out of Egypt and conquered Syria. He was proclaimed Sultan of Syria and Egypt and with both kingdoms together he had a strangle hold on the Crusader kingdom. Seeking the symbolism and blessing of Allah, Saladin captured one last Muslim city, the Gray Castl of Aleppo. At the time there was a saying among the public: “Thy taking of the Gray Castle in the month of Safar announces the conquest of Jerusalem for the month of Rajab.” Aleppo fell in June of 1183, the Muslim month of Safar. Saladin was defeated in his first attempt to take Palestine and during his attempt the pilgrimage route to Mecca had been interrupted by the Christians. The Caliph of Baghdad criticized Saladin for not protected the pilgrimage route and Saladin negotiated a truce with the Christian King of Jerusalem, and waited patiently for another opportunity or provocation to attack again. Saladin had finally had enough when the Crusaders continuing provocation of trade route to Egypt got worse and once again threatened the pilgrimage trail to Mecca to the extent that a caravan from Egypt was

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