Rise And Fall Of The Berlin Wall

1834 Words Apr 28th, 2016 8 Pages
Heather Kilar
HIST 3135 Knecht
Spring 2016
Research Paper

Rise and Fall of The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was a barrier that divided Berlin for more than twenty years. Constructed by the German Democratic Republic the wall completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany starting in August 1961 to November of 1989. The wall gave West Germany the power of controlling it’s people who were trying to flee to East Germany and under it’s rule people began to see the repressions of the Communist Party. With its destruction the world was forever changed as only a single year after the fall of the wall communism would be dead in Europe completely. Thanks to the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev who came to power in 1985 the communist party finally lost its grip on control of East Germany along with a variety of other countries. At the end of World War II a conference was held in Potsdam, Germany to set up peace treaties. With many areas in ruins immediately after World War II, the Allies decided that any country that fought alongside Hitler lost territory and were forced to pay reparations to the Allies. Germany itself and its capital Berlin were divided into four parts known as zones. These zones were to be controlled by Great Britain, the United States, France and the Soviet Union. Along with it’s own zone the U.S. government went to great lengths to help rebuild Europe. Starting with the Marshall Plan that gave 13 billion dollars in money, food, and equipment…

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