Rise Of Nationalism In Germany

Decent Essays
Nationalism: the political harbinger? What caused the Second World War? Many would say Hitler; but how did he rise to power? Germany was one of the worst affected countries after the world economy collapsed in 1929, unemployment soared and the Weimar Republic government seemed to be ineffective. Out of the ashes of the Treaty of Versailles, a nationalist, fascist party was born. Germany owed billions to the Allied powers in war reparations, and they had no way of repaying them. Only the far left and far right offered political solutions, and in 1933 the Nazi government assumed power. Nationalism has been around for thousands of years (Roberts, 1) and can be described as; exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis…show more content…
Since 9\11 there has been a fivefold increase in terrorism fatalities according to a report by the global terrorism index. Last year alone, there were 18 000 recorded deaths, an increase of roughly 60% from the previous year (Global Terrorism Index, 1). Steve Killelea, executive director for the Institute of Economics and Peace said that “If you have 20 people killed in an attack in Iraq, it has an effect. But if 20 people are killed in downtown London, it has a much stronger effect (Killelea, 1)”. Terrorist agencies know this and that is why they target European and western nations whenever possible. Because of radical Islamist groups like ISIS and Al-Qaida, people conflate the word terrorist with Muslim. Nationalists know this and prey on peoples’ fear. “Marie Le Pen, the National Front Party leader, embraces anti-globalization and anti-immigration policies.” (Pazzanese, 1) France has suffered greatly in the last 2 years from a multitude of terrorist attacks; people are afraid and feel unsafe in their own homes. In a recent poll conducted by YouGov and The Economist, almost 50% of French citizens surveyed believe immigrants have a negative effect on their country. LePen and the National Front have seized upon this fear and vowed revolution for France, putting the country first. Her stated policies include slashing immigration by 80% or more, (LePen, 1) imposing severe…show more content…
Unemployment rates in Greece and Spain peaked at 27% (it’s currently around 23% in Greece). People have lost huge portions of their pensions as part of the Greek bailout, and more than 45% of Greek seniors live below the national poverty line of €665 a month. Some have worked their entire lives and paid into a central fund that has gone bankrupt. Someone that was promised €1330 in 14 pay periods annually has now been reduced to 12 pay periods a year and only €1050 a month, that’s an income loss of over 30%. Pensions are a promise to trade a portion of your present day paycheque for a guaranteed income in retirement, but many have seen that promise broken. Harry Theoharis said “Greece blames everybody but itself for its economic woes. Austerity has provided a useful scapegoat for the many populists and nationalists who can’t admit that Greece’s problems were largely home-grown”. He said this after resigning his position as the head of Greece’s tax agency; when he tried to reform the tax system (as a preventative measure) he received threats that his legs would be broken. America recently had an election and a nationalistic, populist won. One of Donald Trump’s central campaign promises was to ban Muslims and “build a wall” to keep the Mexican “drug dealers, criminals and rapists out (Trump, 1)’’. There are currently around 11 million undocumented
Get Access