Rise Of The Islamic Empire Essay

1296 Words6 Pages
Maryam Al-Harthy
Dr. Abdullah Al-Arian
History
04 September 2017
Rise of the Islamic Empire
“O Messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And Allah will protect you from the people. Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” (Quran 5:67) Prophet Muhammad PBUH, was born to a branch of Quraish family. He was born to Abdullah Ibn Abd Al-Muttalib and Amna Bint Wahab in the year 570 C. He received his “call” which is the message from God carried by the angel Gabriel to deliver the truth about God to his people. Prophet Muhammad PBUH, died in the year 632 C due to fever after that the Umma was in the hands of the Caliphate, which was then passed
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The ramifications of this to the Islamic empire is that by winning the Ridda war, the Muslim community or Umma was still in a sense united which kept the Muslims in power of Arabia. Handing the Muslim Umma to such a capable leader like Abu Bakr made sure that the Muslim community united which guaranteed that the Muslims were still in control of their further territories.
After the death of Abu Bakr the Caliphate was handed seamlessly to Omar bin Al-Khattab in 643 and he ruled for ten years. His transmission to power was seamless because he was practising power “behind the scenes”.Many would consider his administration of the Islamic nation as successful and flourishing. After Muslims victory against the Byzantine in the battle of Yarmuk empire, provided them with more land -Palestine and Syria- which helped Muslims with the territorial expansion. Later, one of the richest cities in the Middle East, Alexandria have surrendered to the Muslims too. The way Omar administered the territories of the Muslim state is in a fashion where the people of the new conquered territories continue to live the way they used to. Moreover, these newly conquered places would pay less money when compared to the previous administration. Not only that, but also, “when it became apparent that Muslim rule meant religious freedom as well as lower taxes, the Arab had little difficulty in obtaining cooperation from some of the local people.”Which made the newly conquered areas satisfied with
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