Rise Of The Mooc, Sym, Connectivism And Connective Knowledge

877 WordsMar 14, 20164 Pages
Rise of the MOOCs Educators have experimented with various methods of on-line education since internet access became widely available on college campuses. While this has led to a range of online educational practices, the impetus for the modern MOOC is grounded in MIT’s2002 OpenCourseWare initiative (Lowe x). That year MIT professors voted to post their course content online as part of an effort to democratize the education traditionally given only students enrolled at “elite” universities. This move propagated a wave of calls for more “open” university content online. In response to this call, George Siemens and Steven Downes created what is widely consider to be the first MOOC, CCK08 – Connectivism and Connective Knowledge., Decker explains that these two professors at University of Manitoba took a course with 25 traditional tuition-paying students and allowed 2,300 other students to participate without receiving credit (4). Following the success of CCK08, similarly structured courses subsequently emerged across higher education. However, MOOCs hit the mainstream in 2011when Stanford professor Sebastian Thrun placed his course on artificial intelligence online, allowing all those who wanted to enroll to do so for free (Decker 5). Due to Thrun’s renown in the field, over 160,000 students signed up, and over 28,000 completed the course. The success of this MOOC inspired for-profit companies to develop and distribute MOOCs on a variety of subjects. In 2012 Thrun left
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