Rise of Parliament

6961 WordsJul 28, 200928 Pages
In the seventeenth century, the political power of the Parliament in England, and the Monarchy in France increased greatly. These conditions were inspired by three major changes: the aftermath ofthe reformation, the need for an increased governmental financing, andthe reorganizing of central governments. These three points were eachresolved in a different way in both England and in France. The first major point which eventually increased political power wasthe aftermath of the Protestant reformation. In England, after the establishmentof the separate Anglican church of England there were manyprotestant groups left in England still in conflict. These groups alltried to push and pull parliament in their favor…show more content…
{text:bookmark-start} {text:bookmark-end} [change] Union: the Parliament of Great Britain Following the Treaty of Union in 1707 twin Acts of Parliament passed in, respectively, the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland created a new Kingdom of Great Britain and dissolved both parliaments, replacing them with a new Parliament of Great Britain based in the former home of the English parliament. Over the centuries, the English Parliament progressively limited the power of the English monarchy which arguably culminated in the English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I in 1649. After the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II, the supremacy of parliament was a settled principle and all future English and later British sovereigns were restricted to the role of constitutional monarchs with limited executive authority. The Act of Union 1707 merged the English Parliament with the Parliament of Scotland to form the Parliament of Great Britain. When the Parliament of Ireland was abolished in 1801, its former members were merged into what was now called the Parliament of the United Kingdom. This makes the current Parliament of the United Kingdom one of the oldest legislative bodies in the world. Due to the history and influence of the British Empire, the British parliament has become a model for many other national legislatures. This model is referred to as the Westminster system because the UK Parliament
Open Document