Rising Inflation in the UK

1384 WordsJun 24, 20186 Pages
Inflation; ‘a situation in which prices rise in order to keep up with increased production costs… result[ing] [in] the purchasing power of money fall[ing]’ (Collin:101) is quickly becoming a problem for the government of the United Kingdom in these post-recession years. The economic recovery, essential to the wellbeing of the British economy, may be in jeopardy as inflation continues to rise, reducing the purchasing power of the public. This, in turn, reduces demand for goods and services, and could potentially plummet the UK back into recession. This essay discusses the causes of inflation, policy options available to the UK government and the Bank of England (the central bank of the UK responsible for monetary policy), and the effects…show more content…
In order to close this inflationary gap, the government should use deflationary FP. By decreeing government spending (G), (therefore decreasing injections into AD), or increasing taxes (T), (increasing withdrawals from the economy), disposable income of the population can be reduced, and in turn AD can be decreased. In figure 3 the inflationary gap is shown, with the gap a-b displaying E>Y and c-d displaying W>J at the full employment level of national income. Other uses of FP include changing the tax system to provide more incentives to increase AS, or to alter the distribution of income, again through increases in T. One major problem with FP is that it is severely affected by time lags. Inflation is difficult to forecast, and in order to smooth out the business cycle, policy must be implemented at the right time, and with the necessary magnitude. If the policies implemented fail to work within these two limits, they could extend a boom period of unstable growth, or deepen a recession further, and so must be carefully implemented. These policies all work to combat inflation; however they could all prove detrimental to the British economy in it’s present state. Monetary policy, ‘The government’s policy relating to the money supply, bank interest rates, and borrowing’ (Collin: 130), is another tool available to the government to control inflation. Figure 4 shows, that by increasing the interest rate (r), from r1 to r2, the supply of money (ms) is reduced from Q1
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