Risk And Protective Factors Of Mental Health

1913 Words Mar 17th, 2016 8 Pages
Risk and Protective Factors

Risk Factors
The risk factors of mental health problems and illnesses play a major role in determining the extent of developing a health issue as it increases the severity and duration of the issue. All risks fall into four separate categories: biological factors, psychological factors, environmental factors and sociocultural influences, these categories are further broken down in the table below:

Protective Factors
Protective factors play an important role in preventing risk factors from resulting in a mental health problem or illness.

Sociocultural:
Sociocultural factors contributing to mental health problems and illnesses include the cultural practices/expectations that exist within communities and play a vital role in leading a mentally healthy lifestyle.

Background/upbringing: Poor mental health during childhood or adolescent years make individuals more susceptible to mental health problems and illnesses in later life. The background and upbringing of an individual can either heighten mental health or decrease it. Individuals surrounded by care and support and those who are taught to be aware of their mental health are less likely to experience mental health problems or illnesses in comparison to those surrounded by dysfunction, limited care and consider mental health to be a weakness.
Peers: Peers (members of the surrounding community) have a major influence over the mental wellbeing of an individual. A simple falling out with peers…
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