Risk Factors Of Addiction

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Most researchers believe that addiction is caused by a number of risk factors working together to create addiction to prescription drugs while some people can use recreational and prescription drugs without becoming addicted, many individuals who start using drugs become physically and emotionally dependent on them. Drug abuse causes vary greatly, depending on each individual and the extent of his or her addiction. The extent of a person's vulnerability to his or her addiction depends on their social environment, their mental and physical health, and their genes. According to Kellogg "Our drug problem is a real problem, but it stems from poverty, loneliness, shame, dishonesty, rage, family violence, power and greed. It is a spiritual…show more content…
The size and type of drug depends on the dose of the drug and the user’s history and expectations (Hart & Kiser pg 21). Addiction is a rewarding behaviour that allows users to temporarily escape from an undesirable or painful reality. Drugs and alcohol can bring you to the present, but it is a distorted, false present and it will cost you in one way or another. Man’s recovery verses God’s healing. Because recovery is limited to the flesh, we have to work hard to abstain from addictive behavior. But giving it to God, takes the pressure and hard work off of us and gives it God. “Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to His power that is at work within u,” (Ephesians…show more content…
Most addictive substances cause the brain to release high levels of these same chemicals that are associated with pleasure or reward. Drugs of abuse affect the brain much more dramatically than natural rewards, such as food and social interactions. To bring stimulation down to a more manageable level, the brain must try to adapt. One way the brain compensates is to reduce the number of dopamine receptors at the synapse. In addition, sending neurons increase their number of dopamine transporters, more quickly clearing dopamine from the synapse. These changes make the brain less responsive to the drug, but they also decrease the brain’s response to natural rewards. Because of these changes, after the user has "come down," they will need more of the drug next time they want to get high. This response is commonly referred to as "tolerance.” As the brain continues to adapt to the presence of the drug, regions outside of the reward pathway are also affected. Over time, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back. In others, neurons form more connections
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