Risk Factors for Stroke in Young Adults

1635 Words Jan 9th, 2018 7 Pages
1), affecting more than 7 million Americans over the age of 20 and representing 3% of the population (Rogers et al. e68). Current estimates suggest close to 800,000 Americans will experience a stroke each year; however, symptoms related to strokes often go undiagnosed. The prevalence of undiagnosed strokes is estimated to be 17.8% of the population over the age of 45, but some minorities and those with low incomes make up a disproportionate percentage of this number. Ethnicity also influences the risk of a stroke for all adults over the age of 18: 5.8% and 4.0% of Native Americans and African Americans respectively, have had a stroke, compared to 2.4% and 2.5% for Whites and Hispanics.
A recent troubling trend has been discovered that suggests the risk of stroke is increasing for younger Americans by a small (2.8%), but significant amount (AHA, "Stroke Incidence Rising" para. 2). The obesity epidemic is thought to be one factor contributing to this increase. With cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke accounting for 16% of the total health care burden in the United States in 2008 (Rogers et al. e209), this trend suggests costs will continue to increase for decades to come. This report will investigate whether existing evidence supports the possibility that the same risk factors contribute to stroke in both young and older adults.

childhood stroke
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