Road Construction

2985 WordsDec 18, 201212 Pages
Chances for Potential Loss & Critical Insurance Covers for Road Projects (Things to be considered while designing the Insurance Program for Road Projects) History notices that the first road was constructed nearly 4000 years ago and since then there have been continuous development in methods, techniques and types of roads. The Romans built stone paved roads in North Africa and Europe to support their military operations. Later the Arabs built roads that were covered with tar. The roads were constructed by preparing earthworks and lifting road foundation at the center for the water drainage. The road construction techniques gradually improved by the study of road traffic, stone thickness, road alignment, and…show more content…
The road is then fine graded again. Asphalt Paving: Once the gravel has been distributed evenly, the asphalt can be poured. Asphalt is a mixture of a petroleum byproduct, an aggregate base material and a sticky, gluelike substance called bitumen. Depending on the expected traffic on the road, up to four layers of asphalt can be placed on top of each other. The asphalt usually is produced and mixed in large plants after the engineer's specifications. The hot asphalt is filled into trucks that transport the material to the construction site where it will be poured immediately. Before the last layer of asphalt is poured, the sidewalks and gutters have to be finished. The construction work is concluded by placing the appropriate road signs at the places specified by planners and the application of road markings. Designing any insurance program requires to understand the nature of work to be carried out. When it comes to specialized programs, in addition it is also important to understand the role of connected parties, the side of the project, responsibilities of contractor, subcontractor, designer, work to be out sourced, historical and experience of parties involved, Design aspect of work, time schedule, material to be used, Contract Conditions, works attached to the main project, past losses in

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