Road Transport and Traffic System, and Safety Problems in Ethiopia: the Two Decades Experiences

2347 Words Dec 24th, 2011 10 Pages
Road transport and traffic system, and safety problems in Ethiopia:

The two decades Experiences

Prepared for 9th International Conference on The Ethiopian Economy

“We must now use every day to act on road safety, and implement effective sustainable action to prevent injury and death on the world’s roads.” Dr Lee Jong-wook, director-general,
World Health Organization

Prepared By: Temesgen Aklilu, (MA, BA)

(Mobile: 0911228931)

March, 2011

Addis Ababa

Ethiopia

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Pictorial description of some of the accidents in Oromia Eastern Shoa and West Arsi zones

(A loss of economically active life and property damage that imported with foreign currency).

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I. Introduction:

Road transport can contribute to the
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Slight injury: Is an injury of a minor character such as sprain (tug) (, bruise (discoloration), a cut or laceration which is not judged to be severe and does not require in-patient treatment.

II. Background

More than 1.2 million people are killed in road accidents, worldwide, and every year. Out of these 1.2 million, 90% occurred in low- and middle-income countries (Peden et al., 2004). Africa has the highest fatality rate in relation to her population (28.3 per 100,000 populations. This Africa’s rate is substantially higher than motorized countries in the world, such as those in North America (12.1 to 16.2 per 100,000 populations) (Peden et al., 2004). For its 4 per cent of the world’s motor vehicles, the African road fatality share exceeds 10% of the total fatalities (GRSP, 2009; Jacobs, 2000). The road traffic safety is becoming one of the tenth killers in developing countries, unlike the developed world, where the proportion of vehicle population is almost 90% of the world.

In addition to death and injury, road accidents in low income and middle income countries have a pronounced economic effect, with several countries spending between $65billion and $100billion annually. These costs include loss of income and the burden placed on families to care for their injured relative. A large factor in the high number of road accidents in these less developed countries is the poor quality of the roads themselves, with cyclists,
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