Robert K. Merton 's ' The Rich Get Richer And The Poor Get Poorer '

1223 WordsMar 18, 20155 Pages
Matthew effect has different meaning in each field. For example, in sociology is the where “the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.” Robert K. Merton states in his book Social Theory and Social Structure “In both its original and typical usage it is meant metaphorically to refer to issues of fame or status but it may also be used literally to refer to cumulative advantage of economic capital” (Merton, 7) Matthew effect or the story of success can be the answer of same question that many people might have. Why some people are more successful than others? The answer couldn’t be just their intelligence or hard working, as Malcolm Gladwell explains in his book. There would be many more reasons to make a person successful. If we want to understand that we shouldn’t just research only about the person, also we need to spend more time and research about everything around him such as culture, family, and their habit. One of Gladwell mention in his book is about the hockey players. The players don’t have same situation and opportunities to be chosen in the team. It is hard to imagine the difference of the age for some months will effect on the young student chance to be elected on the team. As well Barnsley in Outliers argues that “these kinds of skewed age distributions exist whenever three things happen: selection, streaming, and differentiated experience.” (Gladwell, 25) However, Gladwell named many of the elements which will be effective such as date of birth, family, and
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