Robert Louis Stevenson 's Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde

1305 WordsApr 28, 20156 Pages
The industrial revolution completely changed the urban landscape of Europe during the 19th century. Technological advances, economic success, along with medical and scientific discoveries reshaped many aspects of modern life in european cities. The citizens of these modern cities, however, were skeptical of this evolution. Change was daunting, and people were afraid that it was accelerating to a point where society would transform out of all recognition. In 1886, a popular novelist, Robert Louis Stevenson, wrote his book Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The novel was a smash hit because it appealed to the feelings society was already experiencing; the fear and anxiety of the evolving modern city. During this time, a higher percentage of people were literate and excited to read, which is another reason why the novel was so popular. It is evident to readers that Stevenson was skeptical of progress during his time period. In his book, he depicts the middle class victorian society and their feelings toward progress in the modern city through his characters.While Dr. Jekyll, the main character, represents middle class respectability and the repressions they kept hidden, Mr. Hyde embodies the perfect example of a degenerate and criminal. Then, Mr. Utterson, Dr. Jekyll’s friend and lawyer, stands in for the audience and identifies with the anxious society as a whole. During the late nineteenth century, Sigmund Freud began devising psychoanalysis; the theory that people’s unconscious
Open Document