Robespierre And The Revolution By Oscar E. Segovia
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Robespierre and the Revolution
Oscar E. Segovia
History of Modern France
Dr. Rosamond Hooper-Hamersley
April 11, 2015
Maximilien Robespierre also known as “the Incorruptible”, is regarded as one of the most notorious figures of the French Revolution. He became involved in the Revolution in 1789, after he was elected into the Third Estate in the Estates General. He strongly advocated against tyranny but that would all change after he gained leadership of the Committee of Public Safety. France suffered from tyranny under Robespierre’s leadership, which would be known as the Reign of Terror, because of his flawed ideas and blinded perspective during the Revolution.
Robespierre was born in Arras, France in 1758. His…show more content… As a result, he was fired and the people were furious. The people inspired by the American Revolution and the Enlightenment, began to revolt. Events such as the Storming of Bastille and Woman’s March of Versailles proved that the revolution was strong. Louis XVI as a result planned to flee to Austria and regain control of France with the help of Leopold II. His attempt to escape became known as the King’s Flight. Louis XVI was quickly captured in nearby Varennes. After facing trial, he would lose his title as king and be executed by means of the guillotine as Louis Capet. His death would mark the end of monarchy but not the end of tyranny and the revolution.
By this time, Robespierre was well acquainted with the revolution and those involved. As a lawyer, Robespierre was known for defending the poor and his long speeches. These qualities would help propel him to the top. He was strongly influenced by the Enlightenment and his love for classical tradition. The biggest influence on him was Jean-Jacques Rousseau and his famous work The Social Contract. Maximilien would derive many of his policies and ideals from Rousseau’s The Social Contract.
His introduction to the revolution would come through his election as deputy into the Third Estate in 1789 during the Estates General. The Estates General consisted of the assembly of the First Estate or the clergy, the Second Estate or the