Robotic Surgery : Technology And Equipment

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As human improves technology every day, he also progresses in medicine and surgical procedures. The most painful and invasive surgeries done centuries ago are now easily done due to improved technology and equipment. Without the help of the new technology provided in health care today, the most common procedures would have been incredibly difficult to not only perform, but also to recover from. Robotic surgery is an advanced technology with a serious mechanism that operates patients with the use of smallest technical instruments instead of traditional operation where a doctor directly performs the surgery. Surgical robots are designed with two arms that are used during the operation and while the surgeon monitors through a 3D camera. This…show more content…
For certain cases where surgeons face technical difficulties, the facility should have the ability to convert to laparoscopy upon surgeon’s request. Such technical issues that impact patient safety would require the presence of engineers and technicians to troubleshoot the robotic surgeons during the surgery, however, the engineers’ guidelines are for the use of the machine during the surgery or to troubleshoot after an incident. A study done based on the adverse events data related to robotic systems and instruments used surgery and a report to MAUDE from January 2000 to December 2013 indicate that during the study period, 144 deaths (1.4% of the 10,624 reports), 1,391 patient injuries (13.1%), and 8,061 device malfunctions (75.9%) occurred. Device and instrument malfunctions, such as falling of burnt/broken pieces of instruments into the patient (14.7%), electrical arcing of instruments (10.5%), unintended operation of instruments (8.6%), system errors (5%), and video/imaging problems (2.6%), constituted a major part of the reports. In 1,104 (10.4%) of the events, the procedure was interrupted to restart the system (3.1%), to convert the procedure to non-robotic techniques (7.3%), or to reschedule it to a later time (2.5%) (Alemzadeh, Iyer, Kalbarczyk, Leveson, Raman, 2015). As the surgical and medical field continues to adopt advanced technological machines and equipment, safety based design technics
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