Robotics Essay

3721 Words Mar 5th, 2015 15 Pages
Contents
Introduction 3
Space exploration Robots 4
Mars Curiosity Rover 4
Beagal 2 5
Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 5
Medical Robots 6
Miniature nanobots capsules 6
Da Vinci 7
Autonomous/ self-balancing Robots 8
BallBot 8 nBot 9
Artificial Intelligence 10
Sensors for Navigation and Obstacle detection 10
Important of artificial intelligence in robots 10
Motors in Robotics 10
Weight, Power-to-Weight Ratio 10
Reduction gear 11
Bibliography 11

Introduction

Robotics is a fundamental study of robots (NASA, WHAT IS ROBOTICS), and robots are type of machines that perform tasks usually without any human intervention. These types of robots are known as ‘Autonomous Robots’. The subject; Robotics is being widely used in many big
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This scientific robot performs its study of the red planet by excavating the present soils and these samples are studied and examined further using CheMin, which is a chemistry and mineralogy instrument (NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2012). This instrument uses X-ray diffraction to discover what type of materials are mixed or in the soil samples. The retrieved information is then sent back to earth for further examination and analysis. The Curiosity rover used vision as its sensor for navigation and obstacle detection.
Beagal 2

Beagal 2 was the first space exploration robot that designed and developed in the UK and was officially descended outside the Earth to the “dusty plains of Mars” (Astronotes, 2008). Beagal 2 was a robot, which could have potentially started an existing new phase in British Science but it is now regarded as “an unsuccessful British landing spacecraft” (Wikipedia, Beagal 2, 2014). This robot was extremely small in size and weighted approximately 69kg at launch. Whilst the robot landed it used parachute and cushion to slow down itself and land safely without any harsh collision. The main initial goal of this space exploration robot was to study, examine and research whether or not there are any signs of life on the red planet
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