The concept of “robots” has been with humans for a long time. From the “robot-knight” plan of Leonardo da Vinci to the automatons of Jacques de Vaucanson, to the robots created by several robotics companies, people have demonstrated a fascination. The word robot came from the Czech word, “robota” which means “forced labor”. In 1921, writer Karel Capek used it in his play entitled Rossum’s Universal Robots (R.U.R.). The credit for coming up with such term, however, goes to Josef Capek, his brother. Presently, robot means a machine that performs complex actions, similar to humans or other animals; also a machine that can perform repetitive tasks, guided by automatic controls. (Shulman & Buckley, 2014).
In her article “Are Humans Necessary”, Margaret Atwood stated lots of facts and concerns about robots in future.
Jerry West’s article “Robots on Earth” talks about robots that, unlike books or movies, aid people simplifying their lives and health. As robots don’t need specific conditions; they are perfect for performing jobs that might be harmful to humans. Like the R2 humanoid at the International Space Station, which completes dangerous and mundane tasks for astronauts and frees their time. They also boost our health; they are working with scientists to create an exoskeleton for quadriplegic people. Robots aren’t evil, they’re useful machines that have so much to offer and make our lives safer.lives
The author's purpose of this essay is contemplating whether or not laws should be made protecting robots. Throughout the essay he uses evidence from scientists who have dones tests, and it shows how people act.
The demand for success encourages us to develop paths that matches our human identities. As technology continues to advance, there is a greater emphasis regarding the power of attachment. Humans are slowly becoming more attached and dependent on technology. Individuals lose their values among technology because it affects every aspect of their lives. For instance, our reliance on the Global Positioning System to find a particular destination or even a simple Google search for defining a vocabulary word illustrates that technology will always be there for us. However, the advancement of technology brings on many unethical and moral issues throughout the world. The intake of drugs and many surgical operations all proceed with one mindset: to save patients and better improve their well-being. Today, surgeons and psychiatrists have taken account to embrace radical changes with the merging of technology. The aspect of our humanness comes to an extent whether it addresses death or mental illness. In Lauren Slater’s essay, “Who Holds the Clicker?” the advancement of medical technologies helps a patient, Mario Della Grotta to overcome obsessive-compulsive disorder better known as OCD. Mario is one of the first American psychiatric patients to undergo psychosurgery. In Sherry Turkle’s essay “Alone Together,” there is an intimate connection between humans and robots through technology. Our authenticity to stand by embracing these so-called humanity changes can be controversial and
Sharkey explains the advantage points of his argument by explaining how the Japanese and South Korean companies are creating child-like robots that can be good for “video-game playing, conducting verbal quiz game, speech recognition, face recognition, and conversation” (Sharkey 358). He describes how robots have the ability to provide alerts when children move out of range. However, he brings up a crucial point in their programming on how robots can’t provide the proper care that human adults can give to their kids including: contact, touch and caring from other humans. Though robots can provide safety, children may not have contact with other humans for days, which according to Sharkey, can cause a “psychological impact of the varying degrees of social isolation” (358). His claim was based on animal studies. For example, during an experiment with monkeys, according to Sharkey, “severe social dysfunction occurs in infant animals that are allowed to develop attachments only to inanimate surrogates” (358). Like a child would do with a robot, the monkeys would grow too attached and their behavior would likely change. People today need to realize that they need to reconsider the idea of having robots care for their kids and start being the responsible ones.
There are many robots that are in development to work inside and outside the facility. One robotic healthcare system is a mobile system that will help the elderly communicate. This robot is on wheels and is controlled by a remote to come to an elderly person. Another home healthcare robot is the Bestic, a small robotic arm that has a spoon on the end to help feed those who have trouble feeding themselves. Another robot that can be used inside or outside a hospital is a therapy healthcare robot. This robotic therapy comes in the style of robots like CosmoBot, a small, blue and yellow robot that resembles a child’s toy. This robot works with young developmentally disabled children. PARO allows patients to gain the advantages of animal therapy.
As technology improves, surgical robots are rapidly gaining support among both doctors and patients across America. Today more than 900 hospitals have the da Vinci robot which is double the number in 2007. (Freyer, 2010) Da Vinci robots were first approved by the FDA in 2000 for prostate removal, but now da Vinci robots are used for a variety of other surgical procedures (Freyer, 2010). Robot assisted surgery offers advantages such as smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, less pain and faster healing time (Vijay, 2010), as well as making surgery less demanding for the surgeon. Robotic surgery involves many obvious advantages but the impact of cost, access, and quality must
The ideal of nursing robot is the performance of acting as similar as the real nurse. In 2015, Robear, the robotic mobility nurse with a bear appearance, was built by a Japanese research group from the institute of Riken. This robot has abilities to lift lied people to a chair by using its mechanical arms, to aid people stand up from a seating by using its hug, to assist people pace by handling people while they are walking, and to transport people to another place by using its platform. These efficacies suit to dementia patients because the difficulty with the movement, which is one of the symptoms of dementia, affects their usual activities. With Robear as a partner, dementia sufferers will be received properly supports, and can keep their routine
Full size robots will be created to assist in other forms of patient care such as, feedings,
These robots are known as the ICub, and excel at interacting with the human population safely. One of these robots, known as Molly, exists in Bristol, England (Honigsbaum). This small combination of metals, wires, and computer components actually helps the elderly with simple tasks that they would ordinarily need help with. In addition to helping the elderly, the ICub can also help clean the work space of individuals. Simon, an upper-body humanoid, assists in moving a variety of items and cleaning workspaces. This robot was developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology, and statistics state that, “Simon could tell with close to 80% accuracy whether someone was paying attention or ignoring him.” This proves that it is indeed possible to create helpful machines that can also interact with humans through the regulation and extra development of artificial intelligences. All of the activities that the ICub Robots partake in are completely beneficial to the global society and will have a large impact on the culture of the world as a whole. An added plus to the push for technological development is that countries can use these advancements as a way to better the future of their state. These nations can accomplish this through the integration of robotic aids into their school systems. An instance in which this concept is used occurs in the Connecticut school system. Through Project D.I.S.C.O.V.E.R middle school students
One supportive research example is the medical devices in the Hospital. Nurse practitioners can easily know to help virtually any device they require for instance data of products along with affected person records within a couple of seconds. The capability of holding these medical devices very easily throughout the day, healthcare professionals are never far away on the info that they can need. This unification of health care products technology along with telehealth produces robot procedures by which practitioner is just not would have to be from the surgical room in the event the patient’s operation is performed. They can perform surgical procedures aside of the house starting and the procedure for the patient is possible in a clinic or
The medical field has revolutionized the health and well being of society. Throughout the decades, the medical field has been through sweeping changes that leave society astonished. It seems like each year that passes by, there is a new technological advancement that modernizes the medical field. Not only do these advancements modernize medicine, but they in return aid doctors, nurses, and specialists by improving their effectiveness within the field. About ten years ago, the da Vinci Surgical System was introduced to hospitals and the medical field, in general because the FDA had finally approved the system within the United States (Dunkin). The da Vinci Surgical System, also known basically as robotic surgery, introduced the use of a
Over the past few years, tremendous technological innovations have taken place. The field of robotics has undergone great development, which has seen robots being intergraded into important sectors of the economy including healthcare. Robotic technologies in healthcare are utilized in a wide range of function including diagnosing of patients, surgery, medication distribution, surgery, and delivery of food to patients. Allen (2015) points out that robots in healthcare are being used in three primary situations, namely communication and monitoring of patients, assisting nurses and doctors in different functions, and delivery of different medical supplies. Allen (2015) argues that many medical facilities spend a lot of money on delivery of medical supply, a function that can be effectively carried out by robots. “Robot-assisted surgery aims to offer the benefits of minimally invasive surgery, such as reduced post-operative pain, shorter hospital stay, quicker recovery time alongside the specific benefits associated with robotic surgery including less technically demanding, shorter learning curve and ergonomic benefits (O’Sullivan et al., 2012). Automation of such processes allows hospitals to cut down on the operation costs and facilitates efficient delivery of services that are critical for early recovery of patients.
Lately there have been more and more smart machines that have been taking over regular human tasks but as it grows the bigger picture is that robots will take over a lot of tasks now done by people. But, many people think that there are important ethical and moral issues that have to be dealt with this. Sooner or later there is going to be a robot that will interact in a humane manner but there are many questions to be asked like; how will they interact with us? Do we really want machines that are independent, self-directed, and has affect and emotion? I think we do, because they can provide many benefits. Obviously, as with all technologies, there are dangers as well. We need to ensure that people always