The subject of religion has captured the attention of artists for centuries, working its way throughout the years, in and out of various of styles and movements. The artists of this era often found themselves reliant on this subject matter due to Churches being a steady Patron throughout the Renaissance all the way to the Baroque period. Whether it was because of the rich cultural impact to society or the enforcement of strong divine beliefs, depicting biblical narratives have struck an everlasting cord within this medium. Two particular ones, in fact: The Deposition from the Cross (Entombment of Christ) by Jacopo Pontormo and The Entombment of Christ by Michelangelo Caravaggio. Both of which provide an excellent example of how culture and artistic style combined can alter the message of the same iconic scene and still evoke different emotions.
When looking at a work of art what comes to mind? Here are just a few things to start: why did the artist decide to paint this art work, what style is it, and what was its inspiration? To really understand this piece, St Matthews in the Ebbo Gospels, this was a painting done for the Archbishop Ebbo of Reims who had a painting of the evangelist St Matthews, who was receiving word from God. The painting depicts more specifically the message coming from a cherub that’s reading a from a scroll and St Matthew is writing furiously. Do you think that political influence a work of art? During this era, many Bishops only want to show their wealth and are not really focused on spreading the word of Christianity. By looking at St. Matthew from the Ebbo
The art piece I chose was a painting called “The Nativity” and it is currently on view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 952. It is a part of the Robert Lehman Collection. The Date/Era of the painting is A.D. 1400-1600 and the location it was made in was Europe/Italy. It is tempera on wood, gold ground, and it is also metal. The artist of this painting is Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) and he was a leading painter in Florence in the early 15th century. Lorenzo Monaco is known for illuminated manuscripts, frescoes, and panel paintings. His style is filled with luminous color and rhythmic, graceful, flowing lines. In this painting the compositional elements are adapted to the quatrefoil field, and the rich and subtle color harmonies reflect Monaco’s skill as a manuscript painter. What is most striking about the painting is the night time setting, which is suffused with the supernatural light coming from the child and the angel.
The physical interaction with His disciples demonstrates his intimate and spiritual connection with them. Before sitting on the short bench, Peter tells Jesus that he will never allow his Lord to wash his feet, as this was a demeaning task. However, Jesus replies saying, “Unless I wash you, you have no part in me.” Peter’s hand is shown raised to his forehead, thus illustrating his response: “not my feet only, but also my hands and my head”. This is also alluding to not only the disciples’ physical bodies, but also to the eventual spiritual cleansing that would take place through Christ’s death and resurrection. He is referred to as the “sandal remover” and acts as a metaphor for all of mankind. In Christian antiquity, sandals represented
The crucifiers would drive a stake into the ground when whoever was being crucified arrived at the execution place. Sometimes they attached the victim to the cross only with ropes. In that case, the crossbeam, where they bound a victim’s arms, was fixed to the vertical beam. They then continued to tie their feet to the stake with a rope. If the victim was pinned down by nails, he was laid on the ground, with his shoulders on the crossbeam. They would hold out his arms and nail him to the crossbeam, which was raised. The victim's feet were nailed down against the previously nailed stake.
Christian artwork is used to represent and symbolise the Gospel and important figures. Not all individuals could read and write, therefore images were very important in delivering messages and teachings. One artwork chosen is “Annunciation” by John Collier created in 2003. This modern artwork shows Gabriel asking Mary if she would become the mother of Jesus. The other one is the “Holy Night Nativity Scene” by Antonio Correggio created in 1530, which focuses on and sets the scene of Jesus’ birth.
For My Museum Essay, I have chosen Rogier van der Weyden’s “St. Luke drawing the Virgin” (c. 1435-40). First of all, this painting is an extraordinarily beautiful piece of art, with both meticulous details and true to life emotional state of the figures portrayed. And it intrigued me even more when I found out that there is a very compositionally similar painting by Jan Van Eyck (“Madonna with Chancellor Rolin”).
Art and the Bible, written by Francis A. Schaefer, is a short, simple to the point book regarding how a Christian should approach art. The book is divided into two sections. Section one is title Art in the Bible and section two is titled Some Perspectives on Art.
This painting consists of two small panels in which one panel depicts the crucifixion of Jesus and the other portrays scenes that associate themselves with the Last Judgement. In the first panel you can see a crowd surround Jesus during his crucifixion. In the background, you can see a clear picture of Jerusalem. On the bottom you can you see five people that appear to be
In terms of subject matter, both works are visual depictions of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. In each painting, Christ is the central figure, surrounded by two groups of figures. On the left, a group of women that includes the Virgin Mary mourns over the dead body of Christ, while on the right is a group of soldiers and other lamenters. Both works feature a rocky landscape on which the figures are positioned. Encircling Christ are several angels whose gestures of lamentation echo those of the figures below. Highlighting the severity of each scene is the blood that pours from Jesus' wounds. The blood from his feet drips onto human bones that are embedded in the rocky terrain below. The skull serves as a "memento mori," or a reminder of death, an idea that has been repeated in several other depictions of Christ's crucifixion.
The art piece that I selected for my analysis is called The Triumph of Divine Love by Peter Paul Rubens. The artwork is an oil painting on canvas, circa 1625. This piece of art was commission by Isabella Clara Eugenia, Infanta of Spain and Portugal. The Triumph of Divine Love was one of eleven art pieces in a series portraying the Eucharist cycle, an important issue in the Catholic-Protestant strife. Its purpose was to aid in the Catholic Reformation and the artwork was to be displayed at the Convento de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid. (Ringling Museum n.d.)
Religious artwork has been prevalent throughout all of history. Christian artwork has been ever changing and evolving based on what it going on during the time period in which the work was created. In Romanesque artwork, art was imaginative and involved mysticism along with themes that represented their fears of the end of the world. In Gothic artwork, the art turned away from evoking fear and instead had the goal of bringing people into the church. In the fourteenth century, the religious art responded to the crises of the time period. During the Renaissance, artwork shifted to an interest in realism, which can be seen in Raphael’s Madonna and Child with the Young Saint John. The medium for this work of art is oil paint. it was painted in 1500 and is 47 inches in diameter.
I have been greatly impacted by all of the artists, styles, and types of art we have talked about so far in Art History I. We have looked at sculptors, paintings, architecture, and prints with varying styles, from a numerous amount of artists. While I am intrigued by mostly all of what we have studied, The Last Supper paintings catch my eye the most. Many artists have successfully completed paintings of The Last Supper including, Tintoretto, Paolo Veronese, and Leonardo da Vinci; however, da Vinci was the first, original painter of The Last Supper. My favorite Last Supper painting definitely has to be the one by Tintoretto. Tintoretto’s Last Supper painting truly represents various key aspects of art; from the usage of colors and shadows, all the way to the numerous groups of people taking on various different tasks.