In the case of organ donation, there are many individuals who sign up to become an organ donor if they were to die suddenly, being an aid for anyone who might need an organ under dire circumstances. The usual identification for an organ donor is on their driver’s license, in where the individual usually gives consent to become a donor during the licensing process. Even though it is the own individual’s choice to organ donation, what would occur if the family was in opposition of the donation due to religious purposes? In these type of ethical dilemmas, congregating with religious beliefs, can prove to be difficult when consulting on a dying individual’s health. To figure out such an ethical dilemma, one must be able to look through an ethical
Organ transplantation becomes a prevalent procedures that patients adopt it to cure for end-stage organ failure. Organ transplant is dissected in to organ donation, organ procurement and organ allocation. Since the demand exceeds supply that patients fight for scarce resources. Organ transplantation is not like other medical procedures. It involves organ procurements from donors, either living or deceased. Therefore, ethical issues is big concern. One’s perception, attitude, value, belief, age and health status influence on his or her willingness to donate organ. Meanwhile, one’s perception, attitude, value and belief rely on which social group that he or she comes from and the religion that he or she holds. Ethical dilemmas such as death determination and fairness allocation emerge in organ procurement and allocation.
Understanding the ethics of the organ transplantation process could increase the number of possible donors, thus saving the lives of so many who are in need of organ transplants.
All aspects of health care face the inevitability of moral and ethical issues arising on numerous fronts. The organ donation and transplantation field of medicine is no exception. Each day, approximately 18 people die waiting for an organ to become available for transplant (Taranto, 2010). In the grand scheme of things this may not seem a significant number; however, the fact that over 6,500 individuals with families, friends, and an otherwise productive life will die needlessly every year is obviously a far cry from acceptable. This particular lack
Organ Donation and Transplantation continues to be an important controversial issue in healthcare ethics. The ethical principles in allocation of human organs in a pluralistic society with conflicting ideas are norms that are meant optimal for matters of a public policy, where individuals in such a society hold various conflicting, yet a reasonable position on organ allocation. Three principals have gained primary importance in allocating organs for transplantation: utility, justice and autonomy. (http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov).
Every day, 20 people die because they are unable to receive a vital organ transplant that they need to survive. Some of these people are on organ donation lists and some of them are not. The poor and minorities are disproportionately represented among those who do not receive the organs they need. In the United States alone, nearly 116,000 people are on waiting lists for vital organ transplants. Another name is added to this list every 10 minutes. This paper will argue that organ donation should not be optional. Every person who dies, or enters an irreversible vegetative state with little or no brain function, should have his or her organs-more specifically, those among the organs that are suitable for donation-harvested. A single healthy donor who has died can save up to eight lives (American Transplant Foundation).
The most controversial issue with receiving organ donations is that the donor cannot legally choose who the recipient will be in most cases. Of course in a situation where one’s parent is dying, one is allowed to give up an organ if it is a good match, but if one decides to donate a kidney to his or her best
With people making important decisions about their body every day the subject of organ donation becomes increasingly important. For years, the topic has been the source of many controversial debates regarding its ethical and moral ideations. Organ donation should remain voluntary for several reasons: first and foremost it is still considered a donation. Next, patients and their families should have the right to say no to medical procedures. And, lastly, bodily autonomy should be respected by healthcare professionals. Many argue, however, that organ donation should be mandatory as to decrease not only the time spent on an organ donation list but also the risks of mortality while waiting for a new organ. Families often have the final say in
As technology continues to progress the feasibility of organ transplantation becomes a commonplace. It is very common for organs to be donated after one passes if it is the wishes of the deceased. As the supply of organs from the deceased is greatly outnumbered by the number of patients on waitlists living donors becomes an issue. Many times a relative or close friend is willing to give up an organ to help save a life. The question is: Is it ethical to accept a monetary payment in exchange for an organ to save a life?
Donating an organ, whether it is before or after dead, is seen by society as the right thing to do, but at what cost. Being asked to become an organ donor right before getting our license is almost always a yes. Death is one of the farthest things from our mind and when we are asked this question we would rather live life knowing our organs could be used to save someone’s life. But this simple checkmark or heart can sometimes be used against us; because there are so many people waiting for an organ, doctors have been given the ability to stretch the fine line between life and death. Not signing the donor card can gives us a few more bargaining space. Although both Crystal Lombardo and Dick Teresi speak about the effects of organ donation, Lombardo, author of “11 Major Pros And Cons Of Organ Donation”, points out the importance of becoming an organ donor, while Teresi, author of “What You Lose When You Sign That Donor Card”, describes the complications between doctor and patient.
Bilgel (2012) points out it can lead to anti-donation feelings of citizens and then make people opt out more. For the public, the presumed consent organ donation might be considered utilitarianism, which seeks the greatest good for the greatest number. As Harris (1975) points out, it is just like killing one to save more people, which will be difficult for some people to accept. For example, Brazil passed Presumed Organ Donor Law in 1997, but it caused widespread public debates on the legal, ethical, religious, and civil ramifications of compulsory organ donation, the opponents thought organ donation should be voluntary instead of being compulsive (Andrea, 1998). Indeed, the law has not been implemented at last. Besides, Shaw (2013) asserts that some malicious doctors may abuse of power to make patients with lesser need receive organs more quickly than those with a large need. Just like the scandal happened in German in 2013, doctors who were bribed falsified medical records to make their patients’ conditions appear worse to get organs more quickly (ibid). For this reason, patients with worse conditions cannot receive organs in time, so the morbidity and mortality might increase more rapidly. Overall, public confidence needs more attention and research in opt-out organ
In 1983 Dr H Barry Jacobs, a physician from Virginia, whose medical license had been revoked after a conviction for Medicare mail-fraud, founded International Kidney Exchange, Ltd. He sent a brochure to 7,500 American hospitals offering to broker contracts between patients with end-stage-renal-disease and persons willing to sell one kidney. His enterprise never got off the ground, but Dr Jacobs did spark an ethical debate that resulted in hearings before a congressional committee headed by Albert Gore, Jr., then a representative from the state of Tennessee. The offensive proposal for kidney sales led to the National Organ Transplant Act to become law in
What do you think can be done when there is a shortage of organ donations? Should people in the need of money sell their organs in the hope of getting some cash? Well, most people in today's society are supporting the idea that people should be allowed to sell their organs if they want. It could save thousands of lives of those people who are waiting for a transplant on the long list that never ends. However, they do not look at the negative affects that this could lead to for some citizens in the society. The article, “Body Snatchers: Organs Harvesting For Profit” by Dale Archer M.D is a good example of showing how people around the world are committing different kind of crimes in order to earn money. Similar to this article is the other article