The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated and written in over 500 more languages. It is also a historic document written at the end of the II World
“Ideas about human rights have evolved over many centuries. But they achieved strong international support following the Holocaust and World War II. To protect future generations from a repeat of these horrors, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 and invited states to sign and ratify it”
A few United Nations representatives from Cuba, India, and Panama have wished to resolve the problem of genocide by recognizing it as an international crime, as stated in Document A. For example, inadequate provisions were placed when various Nazis were not punished for their wrongdoings. Nonetheless, this is seen as a negative aspect; however, it should be seen as motivation for others to strive to prevent further acts of genocide by punishing it as an international crime and create international laws. Since the late 1940s the United Nations has brought forth countless amounts of articles and documents such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Document E), which includes various articles that back up specific rights such as the right to life, liberty, and security of person, for these rights have since then helped prevent acts of genocide. It is through international laws where genocide will be ceased by making it an international crime, where it will assure international cooperation for its prevention and be dealt with its true deserving
A government sends delegates to represent them at conferences and/or meetings of international organizations. Only when a nation state agrees to the conditions and agrees to abide by the terms set out in the treaty are they eligible to sign it. By becoming a signatory it is then necessary to implement those conditions into legislation and law to be adhered to within that signatories land.
Globalisation is not new. Australia has been involved in trade, investment, financial flows, technology transfers and the migration of labour since its foundation as a colony. What has changed is the size, direction and influence of these transfers, especially since 1980. There are a number of factors that have aided this transformation. They include:
The phrase of globalisation is becoming very popular around the world, and it gives free movement to communicate with people regarding cultural, economic, social, technological, political, educational and businesses. In the modern society globalisation has impacted on many human lives, which started in the western countries in (1492), according to Kevin H. O'Rourke, Jeffrey G. Williamson, and then it expanded all over the world. The word of globalisation can describe many different aspects such as globalisation of nothing, the making of the global society and the globalisation of wealthy and poor. According to Robert Shuey in (2001), ‘’globalisation is widely and somewhat loosely used a term, intended to describe the recent and rapid process of international, economic, social, and political integration’’. The idea of his words that globalisation is giving an opportunity to people, so they can travel, invest internationally, and communicate this can help many businesses people especially in Australia to invest more widely and internationally. Globalisation has impacted on Australian society in all terms of life, for instance, it has an enormous impact on health and education system, on technology, and on the Australian economy. But one of the categories is increasing so widely among Australian people who affect many young people’s lives is the impact of racism on the health and wellbeing of young Australians. The word racism is the very phenomenon aspect in the Australian society, especially between young people. On the very high percentage of many young Australians are experiencing racism between the nation, most of these racists are because of skin colour, cultural beliefs, different traditions from different countries, speaking another language and gender. Racism plays a significant role in the society, and many people are aware of this because when they face radical discrimination from any individual, they feel angry and frustrated, and sometimes they feel of not belonging to the local community.
Globalization has been a process underway for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. From the Roman Empire, to caravans on the Spice Road, to the Transatlantic Slave Trade, the process of connecting the globe in an interdependent web has been underway for a long time. Today, it seems that this process has been quickly accelerated. Since the end of World War II and the rebuilding effort that followed it, global development has increased at an intense rate fueled by transnational corporations, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. These multilateral organizations have transformed our global economy and reshaped our society.
The modernization of Australia was accelerated by the gold rush and has kept Australia up to date and has advanced us into our modern world. One thing that has pushed Australia further in our discoveries is the economic growth that began from the gold rush. Economic growth has made many people living in Australia create large companies and businesses that have thrived and become global. Globalisation can be both positive and negative as it can have a negative effect on the environment (from the large manufacturers) but has made modernization of Australia possible. It has also created an expansion that has made Australia contribute to the importing and exporting of the world. Back in the 1850’s, this was also beginning with the gold rush and
Globalisation is the process of global economic, political and cultural integration performed through deterioration of protectionist policies to result in growth of international trade, investment and capital flows. The globalisation phenomenon is playing increasingly important role in advanced, emerging and developing economies in affecting domestic industries. Although globalisation has positively impacted Australia and China, counties such as Zimbabwe have faced increased discrepancies in income inequality and poverty levels and caused disruptive structural changes. Through implementing policy reforms from 1970s to 1990s, China’s microeconomic and macroeconomic policies have attracted globalisation resulting in economic growth and development, however the government has to face
The effects of Globalisation on Australia can be disseminated into a number of different categories. For the purposes of this report five major categories including Economic, Social, Cultural, Environmental and Political have been explored and summarised but is by no means exhaustive.
Supporters of globalization argue that it has the potential to make this world a better place to live in and solve some of the deep-seated problems like unemployment and poverty. But the opponents general complaint about globalization is that it has made the rich richer while making the non-rich poorer. “It is wonderful for managers, owners and investors, but hell on workers and nature.”
‘Globalization: What’s new? What’s not? (And so what)’, portrays the speed in which globalism has increased through many different factors; economically, military, environmentally and socially. This is an idealist analytic approach, not set in stone. This leads on to
In between the Universal Declaration and the two International Covenants of 1966, a collective implementation of the Universal Declaration was made by a group of States who were members of the Council of Europe, by adopting in 1950, a European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights. This Convention is legally binding on those States who have ratified it. After such ratification, it came into force in
The idea of a bill of right at the international level was conceived at the time of framing the charter of the U.N.at the San Francisco conference in 1945, at which the organization was established. President Truman of the US in his closing speech to the conference stated that under the charter “we have good reason to expect the framing of an international bill of rights, acceptable to all the nations involved. That bill of rights will be as much part of international life as our own bill of rights is a part of our constitution.”(1) International bill of human rights consists of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR), the international covenant on civil and political rights along with its protocol and
Globalization has its good and bad sides. It good side cannot be overemphasized but its bad side cannot be ignored. One of its bad sides is the adverse impact on human rights.