Role Of Reorganization Of Europe During The 20th Century

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The nineteenth century was a significant point in history where the major European powers went above and beyond for the maintenance of their power, with coalitions formed as part of the process. As a result, Britain, France and Russia formed the Triple Entente and on the opposite side, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed the Triple Alliance. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in Sarajevo, Bosnia, set a succession of events that ultimately led to the Great War. This conflict was distinguished for its influence by the ruling empires in the period, the number of casualties and the reorganization of Europe as part of the outcome. One of the most significant accomplishment…show more content…
Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States in the period, justified the change on his country’s position regarding the conflict by arguing that “all the peoples of the world are in effect partners in this interest, and for our own part we see very clearly that unless justice be done to others it will not be done to us.” The Great War then emerged as the ‘war to end all wars’, with a final objective that included the prevention of any similar conflict by establishing the League of Nations and giving several territories the ability to become independent nation-states. This was presented as a straightforward solution against the authoritarianism of the Austrian-Hungary empire and Germany. Robert Seton-Watson, a British political activist, and historian, saw the conflict as an opportunity to reconstruct Europe. He argues, “Austria-Hungary and Turkey are not even geographical expressions; they are the dunghills of European history, which today are a danger to the public health, but tomorrow may serve to fertilise new and fruitful fields of national life.” Before the League of Nations can be established, it is important that peace is achieved in Europe and the nation-states are kept satisfied. The reorganization of Europe is a priority, as that is the most viable manner of fulfilling that. He strongly believes that independent democratic
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