Role Of The Affordable Care Act Essay

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The Role of the Affordable Care Act in Reducing the Cost of HIV in the United States HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and if left untreated, can lead to AIDS (Fauci, 1988). Globally, 36.7 million people are living with HIV and 1.2 million are living with HIV in the United States. Over the last decade, the annual number of new HIV diagnoses decreased by 19%, and many health professionals and public health researchers attribute this to both awareness and prevention. Research shows that there is an economic benefit of preventing disease because it lowers healthcare costs (Hogg, Baskerville, & Lemelin, 2005). It has been found that for every HIV infection prevented, an estimated $355,000 is saved in the cost of providing lifetime HIV treatment (Benjamin, 2011). There is a national need for prevention of diseases such as AIDS to lower healthcare costs while improving the quality of people’s lives, and the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) responds to this need with its emphasis on disease prevention, improving access to coverage, ensuring quality coverage, and by enhancing the capacity of the healthcare delivery system (Koh & Sebelius, 2010).
On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed the Affordable Care Act (ACA) into law and with this decision the Act will “reinvigorate public health on behalf of individuals, worksites, communities, and the nation at large-and will usher in a revitalized era for prevention at every level of society. (Koh & Sebelius, 2010).
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