Role of Capital Punishment in Modern Criminal Punishment Essay examples

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Role of Capital Punishment in Modern Criminal Punishment Capital punishment has continued to be used as the major punishment for convicted felons for a long time now. However, it has been a subject of controversy in recent years and has been seen as an inhuman mode of punishment in the modern era. This is because of the various legal challenges it faces and the methods used in executing the punishment, which include the use of a firing squad, lethal injections and the electric chair among others. However, those supporting capital punishment argue that revenge is the only way justice can be achieved while those against it see it all wrong for the state to take any citizen’s life (Neubauer and Fradella 391). Capital punishment hardly…show more content…
The death penalty has also been found wanting in that, many have argued that the attorneys who try the death penalty suspects lack the proficiency to deal with such high profile cases. This has been a cause for concern over the years and some researchers worry that people who are not financially well off will usually get under qualified attorneys as compared to wealthy people. Poor people thus end up getting unsatisfactory legal representation as is required by the constitution and may be prone to such sentences (Marzilli 92). Another legal concern has been whether a mentally ill person can be sentenced to capital punishment. According to the constitution, it is against the law to execute a mentally retarded lawbreaker as he cannot comprehend the reason and the meaning of why he is being executed. An example of such as scenario was the case of Panetti V. Quarterman of 2007 where the U.S Supreme Court ruled that the defendant had a mental illness and could therefore not understand why he was sentenced to capital punishment. Pain during lethal injection is another issue that has surrounded capital punishment. If proper procedures are not followed, then severe pain is bound to occur during the injection, and this amounts to cruelty and abnormal punishment, which are against the constitution. Any execution method tends to

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