Role of Cognition in Counseling

1589 Words Apr 16th, 2013 7 Pages
ROLE OF COGNITION IN COUNSELING

TABLE OF CONTENT.

Introduction………………………………………………………….. 3

Cognitive therapy…………………………………………………….4

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy...……………………………….4

Characteristics of cognitive-behavioral therapy….5

Virtual Reality Therapy...…………………………………………8

Rational Emotive Therapy………….……………………………8

Transactional ANALYSIS…………………………………………...8

conlusion………………………………………………………………..9

reference………………………………………………………………10

Role of cognition in counseling

Introduction

Cognitive therapy centers on the belief that our thoughts are influenced by how we feel. There are a number of different cognitive therapies, including Cognitive-Behavioral, Reality, Rational Emotive and Transactional Analysis. Each of these
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CBT therapists believe that the clients change because they learn how to think differently and they act on that learning. Therefore, CBT therapists focus on teaching rational self-counseling skills. Cognitive-behavioral therapists seek to learn what their clients want out of life (their goals) and then help their clients achieve those goals. The therapist's role is to listen, teach, and encourage, while the client's roles is to express concerns, learn, and implement that learning.

Not all approaches to CBT emphasize stoicism. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, and Rational Living Therapy emphasize aspects of stoicism. Beck's Cognitive Therapy is not based on stoicism.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy does not tell people how they should feel. However, most people seeking therapy do not want to feel they way they have been feeling. The approaches that emphasize stoicism teach the benefits of feeling, at worst, calm when confronted with undesirable situations. They also emphasize the fact that we have our undesirable situations whether we are upset about them or not. If we are upset about our problems, we have two problems -- the problem, and our upset about it. Most people want to have the fewest number of problems possible. So when we learn how to more calmly accept a personal problem, not only do we feel better, but we usually put ourselves in a