Role of Financial Institutions and the Central Bank in Kenya

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Question 1: Briefly explain role of the following Financial Institutions in the economic development of Kenya: a) Kenya Industrial Estates: Kenya Industrial Estates (KIE) Limited was established in 1967 as a subsidiary of Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation (ICDC) with a major role of promoting indigenous entrepreneurship by financing and developing small scale and micro enterprises.
KIE Limited was established to facilitate development and incubation of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) countrywide by establishing industrial parks, providing credit and business development services (BDS) in a sustainable manner. The services offered by KIE include; * Development of Industrial Estates and Provision of MSMI
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Business SME solution centre’s are facilities that are set up to offer platforms from which entrepreneurs can develop business ideas into profitable business ventures run and owned by individuals. It also provides breeding grounds for existing business for growth and take-off. b) Industrial & Commercial Development Corporation (ICDC):ICDC is the pioneer Development Finance Institution (DFI) established in 1954, to facilitate economic development of Kenya through provision of medium and long-term financial solutions. * It provides equity solutions to entrepreneurs through Joint ventures and Strategic partnerships to promote and encourage private sector investment and entrepreneurship for job and wealth creation. * ICDC also seeks to grow existing businesses and promote establishment of new ones through provision of corporate and wholesale loans at competitive rates and also through asset financing. * ICDC also provides Management and Advisory Services to corporate institutions. The Services offered include: * Corporate Secretarial * Share Registration * Internal audit c) The Agricultural Finance Corporation (AFC): AFC is a wholly owned Government Development Finance Institution (DFI), established in 1963 initially as a subsidiary of the Land and Agricultural Bank. In 1969, it was incorporated as a full – fledged financial institution under the Agricultural Finance Corporation Act, Cap 323 of the laws of Kenya. It
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