Role of Press in Indian Freedom Struggle

1801 Words Jan 11th, 2013 8 Pages
At the time of the first war of independence, any number of papers were in operation in the country. Many of these like Bangadoot of Ram Mohan
Roy, Rastiguftar of Dadabhai Naoroji and Gyaneneshun advocated social reforms and thus helped arouse national awakening.
It was in 1857 itself that Payam-e-Azadi started publication in Hindi and Urdu, calling upon the people to fight against the British. The paper was soon confiscated and anyone found with a copy of the paper was prosecuted for sedition. Again, the first Hindi daily, Samachar Sudhavarashan, and two newspapers in Urdu and Persian respectively, Doorbeen andSultan-ul-Akbar, faced trial in 1857 for having published a 'Firman' by Bahadur Shah Zafar, urging the people to drive the British
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He also helped the publication of Leaderfrom Allahabad. Moti Lal Nehru was the first
Chairman of the Board of Directors of theLeader. Lala Lajpat Rai inspired the publication of three journals, the Punjabi, Bandematramand the People from
Lahore. During his stay in South Africa, Gandhiji had brought outIndian
Opinion and after settling in India, he started the publication of Young India;
Navjeevan, Harijan, Harijan Sevak and Harijan Bandhu. Subash Chandra Bose and
C.R. Das were not journalists but they acquired the papers like Forward and Advance which later attained national status. Jawaharlal Nehru founded the National Herald.
Revolutionary Movement and the Press
So far as the revolutionary movement is concerned, it did not begin with guns and bombs but it started with the publication of newspapers. The first to be mentioned in this context is Yugantar publication of which was started by
Barindra Kumar Ghosh who edited it also.
When the Ghadar party was organised in Amenca, Lala Hardayal started publication of the journal 'Ghadar'. Within one year, millions of copies of this journal were published in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi and English and sent to India and to all parts of the world· where Indians were residing. In the beginning the copies of the journal were concealed in parcels of foreign cloth sent to Delhi. It was also planned to smuggle the printing press into India for this purpose. But then the war broke out and it became almost impossible to