The issue of business relations with government has increasingly become a key issue of business ethics. Some of the many questions raised are
For centuries, there has been a common relationship between employers and employees. Over the course of that time, the workplace and the jobs within it have evolved as new jobs were created, ways to execute tasks became more advanced and laws were enacted to put into place fair employment for those in the workforce. In 1938, congress would pass and President Roosevelt would sign the Wages and Hours Bill, more commonly known as the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA). This federal statute introduced a 44 hour, seven day work week, established the national minimum wage, guaranteed overtime pay in specific types of jobs at a rate of “time and a half”, and it defines oppressive child labor, which prohibits most employment of minors. The FLSA applies to those employees engaged in interstate commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, unless the employer can claim an exemption from coverage.
Kudler Fine Foods is a gourmet establishment. The first store was opened in 1998 and was such a success that many more will be opening. This gourmet shop was created in the vision the owner was searching for: a place where gourmet foods can be purchased at an affordable price. Kudler Fine Foods employs many employees. These employees have rights that must be adhered to.
Employment practices of organizations in the United States are regulated at federal and state levels. The human resource process is impacted by regulatory requirements in the workplace. Legal and social regulations are crucial when managing the workforce or future supplies for labor in the workplace.
The United States Department of Labor (DOL) has a mission to protect the welfare of wage earners, job seekers, and retirees. They also improve working conditions and ensure work-related benefits and rights. The DOL has many laws and reregulation’s protecting workers that range from the Fair Labor Standards Act, which sets standards for wages and overtime pay, to the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which focuses on workplace safety and health. With the wide range that the DOL has employees can feel that they have standards in place to ensure fair pay, fair treatment, and a safe environment to work in. Without the enforcement of the DOL corporations are left to establish pay and safety standards internally. In a business atmosphere where the importance of profit is often placed before the employees, an environment without laws and regulations can be dangerous. An example can be seen in other countries where labor laws are not in place compassion and common sense also seem to be absent. In these areas workers, many times children often works long hours for little pay. Sadly it has been shown that when corporations are unregulated the importance for the fair treatment of employees takes a less important role.
Consequently, due to abuses from employers to the people under them, laws and regulations to protect workers were established and are now enforced by the U.S. Department of Labor. These laws protect over 10 million employers and about 125 million employees (2003). As written in the Department of Labors’ General Information website, it says
The functions and role of law in business and society are vast and must be narrowed down for better understanding. Law is important to businesses because it not only protects the business but it gives the business guidelines to follow to ensure fair dealing and also reliability of business transactions. It important that a business understand that there are rules that must be followed when conducting day-to-day transactions and they will be held accountable for their actions. Law regulates society by also holding individuals accountable for their actions. The law essentially defines the rules and also defines what happens if the rules are broken by an individual or business.
In general, these laws found in chapter 1 of our text are made to enforce and ensure proper wage, safety, and work hours for all individuals, without any form of discrimination, such as the FLSA act of 1938 and the Equal Pay Act of 1963 along with others found in this lesson. They also allow for medical issues or disabilities within the family such as the FMLA of 1993. The four groups can be categorized as income continuity, safety, pay discrimination and work hours. Others may be accommodating families with physical and mental disabilities and other wage laws. If I were to decide between the groups which is most important I would have to say that they would all be equally important
Believe it or not, before 1938, there was a time when children as young as 8-10 years old (sometimes even younger) would be forced to work until midnight or later in America during the time of the industrial revolution (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2001). There were simply no laws to regulate the maximum number of hours that children could work, how old they had to be, or how much they had to at least be paid. Thus, in 1938, Congress invoked its constitutional powers to regulate interstate commerce and passed a law known as the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) that addresses these malpractices by employers.
One of the main factor associated with the FLSA is that it protects the rights of minors working ensuring that they are allocated only so many working hours per week, and setting an age restriction for those whom are legally able to work within the United States from the age of 10 to 16 years of age. This provision provides guidelines as to the amount of hours they may work during a school week and weekends. By doing so this places employers at a restriction from trying to work our youth as if they are full time adults.
The rights of children are protected by child labor laws and regulations, which ensure that children are employed in safe working conditions. While school is in session, 14 and 15 year olds are only able to work 15 hours a weekday 16 and 17 year olds are only able to work 30 hours a week. Florida has these set hours to make sure teens are not being over worked. An issue seen with this is how can Florida be sure that a workplace is providing the correct and truthful information with the teens work hours.
Conducting business in the United States is regulated by different types of laws. The definition of business law, also known as commercial law, is the governing of transactions between business entities. These include all aspects such as advertising, collection, banking, contracts, and trade in general (Legal-Dictonary.com, 2011). Business laws consist of federal, state, and local laws that all organizations small or large must abide by. Federal laws are comprised to include industry laws and regulations, employment and labor laws, handling of legal concerns, and understanding fair practice (SBA.gov, 2011). State laws vary depending on which state the company operates from, and the type of industry. State laws affect all corporations from banks to health care, mortgage companies to retail. Local laws are specific to the town or city the business
These functions of law protect the interests of individuals and businesses through a system of rules, enforced by governing bodies. These systems of rules, as listed by