Roles And Functions Of Judges

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A&K solicitors In this report I will be comparing and contrasting the roles and functions of judges, lawyers (barristers and solicitors) and lay people (juries and magistrates). Judges: A judge is someone who is appointed to a case to decide its outcome. The sit in both halves of the English court system, the criminal and civil divisions. A group of Judges are either called the ‘Bench’ or the ‘Judiciary’. All the judges’ qualifications are set out in the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 and the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007. To become a judge a person would have to satisfy the ‘Judicial Appointment Eligibility Conditions meaning they have to be qualified as a barrister or a solicitor for a certain number of years in order…show more content…
Judges roles in criminal cases (before and during) In criminal cases the judge’s role is to hear all the evidence from both the parties in court and would pass on a sentence based on the jury’s verdict if they find the defendant guilty. Like in civil cases the judge would read all the relevant paperwork of the case and get familiar with it. For jury trials in a crown court the judge would supervise the selection and the swearing of the jury. The judge would also direct he jury as to how they should be in the role and would give warnings if the jury are not discussing or researching on the case. During the trial the judge would listen and make notes on all the evidence heard and would carefully give the jury directions so that there could be no grounds for appeal. The judge would also answer any questions the jury have. At the end of the crown court trial, the judge would ‘sum up’ the case to the jury. When summarising the case the judge would talk about the key evidence, arguments and the strengths and weaknesses of the case. Once the judge has summarised the case to the jury, he/she would send the jury to the jury room to come up with a verdict. The judge would decide what type of verdict they want the jury to come to- majority or a unanimous decision. If the jury provide the judge with a verdict he/she can then pass on the sentence if the jury find the defendant guilty. Appeals:
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