Roles of Important Women During the Civil War Essay

1278 Words Nov 22nd, 2005 6 Pages
Women played an important role during the American Civil War but it wasn't until 100 years afterwards that they received recognition. Even today history books skip over the important roles women had during the Civil War. Wives, mothers, daughters, and grandmothers impacted the War both at home and on the battlefield. Their lives changed in many ways with the onset of the Civil War. Women took on many different roles that helped their side during the Civil War. Born on December 25, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts, Clarissa Harlow Barton was educated at home and began teaching at the age of 15 ( Pryor). Her most notable antebellum achievement was the establishment of a free public school in Bordentown, N.J. Though she is remembered as …show more content…
Through interviews with Federals returning from Southern prisons, she was often able to determine the status of some of the missing and notify families. By the end of the war Barton had performed most of the services that would later be associated with the American Red Cross, which she founded in 1881. In 1904 she resigned as head of that organization, retiring to her home outside Washington, D.C., where she died 12 Apr. 1912 The women who came to be nicknamed "Moses" was born into slavery in Maryland forty years before the Civil War began ( Heidler and Heidler 1978). Tubman escaped her own chains in 1849 to find safe haven in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She did so through the underground railroad, an elaborate and secret series of houses, tunnels, and roads set up by abolitionists and former slaves. She would spend the rest of her life helping other slaves escape to freedom. Her early life as a slave had been filled with abuse; at the age of 13, when she attempted to save another slave from punishment, she was struck in the head with a two-pound iron weight. She would suffer periodic blackouts from the injury for the rest of her life. After her escape, Tubman worked as a maid in Philadelphia and joined the large and active abolitionist group in the city. In 1850, after Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, making it illegal to help a runaway slave, Tubman decided to join the Underground Railroad. Her first expedition took place in 1851, when
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