Roll Back Malaria Essay

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Malaria is an important public health disease endemic in over a hundred countries globally. About 90% of malaria deaths occur in Africa with a child dying every forty five seconds. Malaria accounts for 16% of child deaths in the Africa (Remme, Binka & Nabarro 2001) and 7% of deaths in children worldwide (WHO 2010). It is a disease of poverty, causing significant constraint to the economic growth of susceptible nations (WHO 2010; Sachs, Malaney 2002). Globally, numerous malaria control programmes have been initiated to eliminate and eradicate the disease. In this context, eradication refers to a reduction in the global incidence of malaria to zero, such that its does not require any further control interventions. Elimination refers to a…show more content…
Its short term goals are to halve the global burden of malaria by 2010, and further halve it by 2015 through malaria elimination in at least 8-10 countries (UNICEF 2010). In the long term, it seeks to maintain zero deaths worldwide, while moving towards eradication of malaria with new tools and approaches (NIAID 2009). RBM objectives are intricately linked with the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Malaria is mentioned directly in the 6th MDG; “Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases”, and also in MDG 1: “Eradicate extreme poverty”, as malaria is more common in poverty stricken countries. MDG 4: “Reduce Child Mortality” and MDG 5: “Improve maternal health”, where pregnant women and children are most susceptible to malaria, and MDG 8: “Develop a global partnership for development”, where RBM is an example of a global partnership between countries (RBM 2010). The objectives of RBM also reflect the 1986 Ottawa Charter’s theme of enabling individuals and communities to take responsibility for and gain control over their health.(WHO 1986) Tools of Roll Back Malaria: The approach of RBM targets sustainable control through the prevention of infection with malaria parasite and the prompt and effective management of recognize cases. This requires an understanding of the factors related with transmission of the pathogen. Malaria is caused by protozoa called
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