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Roman Arch

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The arch is a structure that is capable of supporting large amounts of weight. The arch is believed to have been invented around 6000 BCE by the Sumerians, and was used by the Greeks, Egyptians, Babylonians, and virtually every major civilization in ancient history because of its strength. However, this form of the arch was not nearly as strong or as practically applied as its Roman equivalent. The design of the arch was perfected by the Romans, who devised ways to reinforce the arch so that it was able to evenly distribute the weight that it would bear without crumbling. They used concrete to strengthen the midsection of the arch and to seal the stones together to create a stabler structure. The construction of a basic arch is very straightforward. It consists of two piers, a series of voussoirs, and the keystone. Piers are vertical supports…show more content…
The Romans used arches in many of their buildings, such as their temples, palaces, amphitheatres (most famously the Colosseum). The arch allowed Roman architects to build larger and more inventive structures that would influence modern architecture. It also allowed the Romans to establish a series of sewers and aqueducts. The Romans also built a complex network of sewers, some of which are still in use today. These sewers allowed for a more sanitary disposal of waste as opposed to the previous method of dumping it wherever one sees fit. The sewers would carry waste away from the city and into a nearby river. When contaminated water became a problem as a result of the city’s refuse entering the water supply, the Romans built the aqueducts. The aqueducts carried clean, drinkable water to cities all across the Roman empire. The construction of these civilization-saving structures would not have been possible without the innovation that is the Roman
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