Roman Empire History: The Battle of Teutoburg Forest

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I. Introduction
The Battle of Teutoburg Forest was a critical battle in the history of the Roman Empire and in the formation of the German state. This battle took place during the reign of Augustus in 9 AD during the time of the Roman Empire expansion. The fall of the Romans in the Battle of Teutoburg Forest was the consequence of several mistakes and strategic blunders by the Roman general Varus and his superiors in Rome. This paper will outline these mistakes as well as the strategic advantages that Arminius exploited on behalf of the Germanic tribes that successfully pushed back the Romans from the forest. The defeat at Teutoburg devastated the Roman emperor Augustus, who, as a result, lost his willpower to pursue the continued
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However, the Roman infantry and cavalry were extraordinarily well-disciplined and were in excellent physical condition.viiiI6, Although their men were in great physical shape, their uniforms were typically made of metal and had breast plates which are very cumbersome. In addition to the unfortunate uniforms, each Roman soldier carried forty pounds of equipment, which included spears, gladiuses (short two-sided swords that were used for thrusting, slashing, blocking, and parrying), and shields.ixI7 The Roman shields (aka. scutum) were heavy and covered most of the soldier's body.
The German fighters consisted of about twenty to thirty thousand able-bodied freemen and ten thousand auxiliaries.xA2 While they lacked the formal discipline of the Roman army, their minimal heavy weapons and intimate knowledge of the terrain made the Germans better suited to fight in the forest.xiA2xiiG1 They wore limited armor, typically made of leather for ease of moving.xiiiG3 Some of their weapons included large swords, axes, shields, and large broadswords.xivI9 The German shields were light, and were used primarily for deflecting their opponents’ weapons as opposed to covering their entire

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