Rome, Father Of Western Civilization

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Rome, father of Western civilization. When we think of Rome we think of names like Augustus, Constantine, Trajan, and of course Julius Caesar. These men did not accomplish their victories with their own bare hands, but with the loyalty and fervor of their men, their appendages. These men, are not unlike us today, they had families, friends, ambitions, and emotions, and despite how separated they may seem to us by time, and culture, they still bled for their nation, and their people. The men under Caesar, a professional, cold-blooded army didn’t start that way. In the Roman Republic, social classes can be broken down into a dichotomy between the plebeians and the patricians, and though there was some middle ground, as well as classes such…show more content…
Another letter from soldier named Apion to his father, wishing the best for his family and friends back home, and thanking his father for raising him so well(Great Names 1). These were just people who volunteered to serve their nation, to both bring honor to their family, and seemingly out of legitimate love for their homeland. We can see a sort of proto-nationalism began to come about in Rome that would only return more than a millennium later, The Roman army before the time of Caesar, had gone through centuries of reform. During the second Punic War Scipio Africanus had witnessed the disastrous failure of the Roman army in Cannae at the hands of Hannibal, and so instituted reforms to the army in order to train them to better maneuver on the battlefield(Cavizzi). With his better trained and disciplined men he was able to defeat Hannibal’s army in the Battle of Zama ending the war(Cavizzi). Another important reformer was Marius. Marius noticed that the Roman army had trouble filling its ranks when only recruiting from patricians, and landless plebeians, and so instituted a policy that allowed all able bodied men to serve in the army(Cavizzi). This policy allowed for governors to bypass the senate in order to personally raise armies, and in turn it changed the loyalty of soldier from the Republic to their commander, this would facilitate the rise of Caesar to power much later(Cavizzi). The Roman army could therefore be broken into three ranks,
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