Rome in The Age of Augustus

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30 BC ~ Octavian was given the title of Imperator, which was used in the Eastern provinces. Imperium suggests unlimited imperium (or power) (Antiquity 2 Interpreting The Past) This was the first of many titles that were to be given to Octavian after his defeat of Mark Antony in 31 BC at the Battle of Actium. It indicates that the provinces thought Octavian was worthy of being honoured, and that the power he possessed at the time should remain his. Therefore this was the first factor that initiated the rise of Octavian.
28 BC ~ During the struggle between Octavian and Antony, both men had purged the Senate of those who they viewed as posing a threat to them and who might initiate a revolt. These men were often replaced with loyal
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(Antiquity 2 Interpreting The Past) The Senate’s reaction to Octavian’s transfer of power to them was to beseech Octavian to reverse his decision. After an initial refusal, Octavian accepted their offers, which left him in a much more powerful place than before. There were two main elements to Octavian’s new position; these were the office of Proconsul and Consul. Proconsul was a position held for 10 years, and granted control over Spain, Gaul, Syria, Cilicia, Cyprus and Egypt, as well has having the right to appoint legates, make war and conclude treaties. These areas of the empire were in need of the most defence; therefore, the majority of the Roman army was stationed there. Octavian's control over these regions now extended to the control of a large section of the Roman army. A Consul was elected annually and had authority over Rome and Italy. There were several provinces belonging to the Roman people, and Octavian used his position as Consul to claim power over the proconsuls of such provinces. He also now had considerable influence over the Senate and the assembly of Roman citizens. (Antiquity 2 Interpreting The Past) Virgil indicates that Octavian already had the support of the Senate and the people well before this time, “The battle of Actium [31 BC] ... On one side Augustus Caesar [Octavian] ... the Senate and the people with him” (Aeneid). Virgil was writing when the events actually occurred. However, he is a poet, not a
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