Roosevelt And The Military Function Of The Oss During Wwii
1731 WordsJul 8, 20167 Pages
III.President Roosevelt and The Military Function of the OSS during WWII
President Roosevelt had created a centralized intelligence organization through the OSS, but it began to become clear that the function of spying and monitoring had ceased to have a military function. In this case, Roosevelt assigned William J. Donovan to form the OSS as a way to coordinate intelligence data being collected by the armed forces and the government in 1941. Donovan was the key figure in the unification of the OSS as the Coordinator of Information (COI) during the outset of World War II. These operations were given special powers by President Roosevelt that allowed Donovan to collectively gather information with much less interference by the FBI or…show more content…
Certainly,. Donovan argued in favor of a peacetime intelligence agency with the same powers as the OSS, but it was never implemented by Roosevelt. Overall, the plan was to unite the various government intelligence agencies into a single wartime organization, such as the OSS, to better manage the overall strategy of winning a major world war. Donovan and Roosevelt were not thinking of the authoritarian methods utilized by J. Edgar Hoover, but they were intending to have a more unified intelligence gathering organization that would help bring all of the nations resources to defend the nation. In this way, Roosevelt’s OSS was a primarily military organization that was not meant to take on the vast powers that the FBI had been increasingly adopted in the years leading up to the Second World War.
During WWII, the creation of the OSS was a significant improvement in gathering intelligence on foreign spies and enemies of the state. Roosevelt created the OSS with the purpose of uniting the often-divided Army and Navy intelligence gathering services that often concealed information from each other in terms of a quasi-military rivalry in the Armed Forces. More so, the FBI and The United States Department of State had its own separate intelligence service that further divided the nation’s