Rosa Louise Parks Essays

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Rosa Louise Parks

The woman who earned the title “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”, Rosa Louise Parks is an enormous inspiration to the African American race. Rosa was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, 1913 to James and Leona McCauley (The Life of Rosa Parks). Both of Rosa’s parents were born before slavery was banished from the United States. They suffered a difficult childhood, and after emancipation the conditions for blacks were not much better. Rosa’s mother was a schoolteacher and her father was a farmer (Rosa Parks: Pioneer of Civil Rights Interview). Rosa’s parents separated in 1915, and her mother moved Rosa and her younger brother to Montgomery, Alabama to live with their grandmother (Rosa Parks: The
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Rosa indeed did return to school and earned her diploma in 1932 (The Life of Rosa Parks).

The Parks family was also very involved in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). This organization’s priority was to abolish prejudices and discrimination for minorities. Blacks did not have equal opportunities as whites did in housing, education, employment, voting, and transportation (NAACP). Rosa was elected secretary of NAACP in 1943 during WW II. Raymond was a charter member of NAACP who tried to encourage black citizens to become registered voters (The Rosa Parks Story: How One Person Made a Difference). Montgomery was a very segregated city with restricted “Black Areas.” The black people had their own separate bathrooms, drinking fountains, elevators, and seating arrangements. Rosa chose to take several acts of silent protests to these rules. She would walk up the stairs instead of riding the elevator, which was labeled, “Blacks Only.” If Rosa were not too tired after work, she would walk home instead of taking the bus (Rosa Parks: The Woman Who Changed a Nation).

Buses were a major problem not only in Montgomery Alabama, but in the rest of the Southern United States as well. Black citizens made up 60 percent of the bus population. Buses stopped in every white community and most black people had to walk up to a half mile to get to a

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